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Wednesday October 17th.docx

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Linda Steer

Wednesday October 17 , 2012th Liberal Arts Lecture: Particular will: will of all General will Sovereignty: authority to rule State of nature Thomas Hobbes/Jean-Jacques Rousseau 1712-1778 Learning objective: Better able to understand Rousseau’s social contract - struggle of the economy - struggle of ideas - think about the contrast between the radical supporters and the groups of conservatives/opponents of a radical version - central issues defined by J.J.R and E.B - theoretical principles - community as a whole - Burke had a different vision - Will think of democracy with anglo/American ideas of what democracy is - Competeing parties have self-serving ideas (platforms) - Politics is about the allocation of power rather than the good of the community - France in the 1790’s what was at stake was ideas - Radicals were inspired by JJR - Real disconnect - Difficult for people - Inspired a large group of revolutionary readers - Ideas that were so central to JJR have something in common with world changing ideas - R. scheme was flew in the face everything that the French women and men knew about French politics - Old regime, ideas of states - JJR was the bad boy of the enlightenment - JJR ideas were shocking to many of his contemporaries, b/c of his ideas of arts and sciences - JJR presented his ideas in the 1750’s - Science and reason declined happiness for the French people - Manors of the nobility 2 estate - Way to virtue was to lead a simple life - Others thought about royal hatred - JJR thought its people were becoming morally bankrupt and knowledge was bad/corrupt - Wrote before the French revolution - His ideas were shocking to his enlightenment allies - Was self taught - Allies thought he was intellectual (mooned the intellectually) - Thought enlightenment thinkers were a bad idea - In his second work he furthered - Origins of inequality - In a state of nature life is characterized by innocents and natural virtue - State of nature was defined differently by hobbes - A time in human development - Where people treated each other like animals - Hobbes was 100 years before JJR - JJR claimed that man in the state of nature was a man with charity and goodness - Wanted to deprive people from bad fortune - Formed farms, and small communities - The small communities grew into something bigger - Thought it was good if man claimed a parcel of land for himself - Origin of private property - People gained war property and started to force other people to work for them - In the world around him in the 1750’s he saw several ideas of inequality in society - Equality and freedom are incompatible with modern society - Ludacris left everyone with a problem - 1762 that’s the year JJR published 2 books “A meal” “The social contract” - put his name on the front cover - the French recessed - JJR was arrested for flaunting his own ideas - In 1794 his body was buried in the Pantheon - Shared a solution with out being brought down by society - Life in society is referable to the state of nature - In the social contract he was sharing a positive outlook on society - In soci
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