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Lecture 3

KINE 2P41 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: World Health Organization, Health Equity, Gross Domestic Product

Physical Education and Kinesiology
Course Code
Jarold Cosby

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Lecture 3: Equity and Empowerment in Health
September 19, 2014
Is there equity in Canadian health promotion
-Capitol Theory
Can information empower our health
-What is power?
-Health promotion on the Internet
-Review WHO definition of health & Canada health act & Ottawa Charter (Lecture 2)
Health? And Equity? In Canada
Poorest men live 5 years less than richest
Health Disparities in Canada (Health disparities task Group 2004)
All men in Canada live 7 years longer than First Nations men
Women live 6 years longer than men but are more likely to experience long
term limitations and illness
Northern communities have the highest rates of smoking, suicide, drinking &
A Capital Example (Why are there still health disparities?)
Social classes have unequal access to capital
- There are 3 types of capitol:
1. Economic Capital (money, time, wealth)
2. Cultural Capital (Knowledge, education, family, history)
3. Social Capital (Social networks, connections, institutions)
Health Promotion & Health Disparities
Access to various types of capital put different societal groups at different
levels of risk for health issues
Your risks in part define what messages/services need to be promoted to you
World Health Organization, 2002: Top 10 Health Risks
Risks in terms of burden of disease on society
These top 10 health risks account for over 30% of all deaths worldwide
1. Underweight
2. Unsafe water, Sanitation & Hygiene
3. Iron Deficiencies
4. Indoor smoke from solid fuels (cooking)
Poor Counties
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