Accessibility and Universal Design-Lecture 2.docx

6 Pages
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Department
Physical Education and Kinesiology
Course Code
KINE 2P91
Professor
Cathy Van Ingen

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Description
Attitude -attitude is an enduring set of beliefs that predisposes a persons to certain types of behaviour -the attitudes of a teacher determine how they teach -As indicated earlier, a societys definition of disability is evidenced in the definition -similarly, the attitude of society towards persons with a disability is reflected in accessibility -PICTURE- "For Barrier-Free Access--Please use the door at right side of building --> Ring doorbell for Assistance" This is the accessible option for persons with a mobility device. Notice the button that must be pushed in order to make the entrance accessible, that is to notify someone to open the door. Would you consider this entrance accessible? -Although this entrance way is considered accessible, successful participation is dependent upon others -Thus, how the person participates in the process matters! -One must consider whether the ineraction with the environment is respecting the persons dignity Accessibility: General Principles -Respect for Dignity: how is the accommodation provided (individuals participation in the process matters)  Accommodations must respect the dignity of the person and does not create undue hardship  Human dignity encompasses individual self-respect and self-worth  Concerned with physical and psychological integrity and empowerment  Harmed when individuals are marginalized, stigmatized, ignored or devalued  Different ways to provide accommodation is considered along a continuum from those which are most respectful of proverbacy, autonomy, integration and other human values to those which are the least respectful of those values  Poor respect for dignity is the wheelchair entrance over a loading dock or through a garbage room  Persons with disabilities should have the same opportunity to enter a building that is most convenient and pleasant for them as well as it is for others  United Nations International human rights standards points to the important of full participation of life for persons with disability Human Dignity -the design maintains:  Individuals self-respect and self-worth  Physical and psychological integrity  Empowerment Harmed if: -marginalized, stigmatized -ignored or devalued Principle of Independence The person experiences freedom: -from control/influence of others -the opportunity to make their choices -have the opportunity to complete the task "in their own way" -example: grasping a cup with two hands rather than one Principle of Integration -same service, same (similar) way as others -example: person is able to fully access the content on a website Principle of Equal Opportunity -same chances, options, benefits as others -more effort for service not required -environments not accessible present to barriers to people with a disability Barriers (Example: Obstacles to Participation) Architectural/Physical -example: hallways too narrow, doorknobs -some door handles require a certain degree of motor control and strength for successful interaction Information/Communication -example: signs misunderstood, size of print -make signs that make sense -fine dining shouldn’t mean fine print Attitudinal -example: discrimination. Person with the disability is not afforded same opportunity, or treated differently based on their disability -"sometimes the interview is over before is even begins" Technology -example: website does not support assistive devices (screen readers) Organizational -example: policies, practices, procedures Urban Braille System Communication using the human tactile system -consists of smooth and grooved textures -provides information in regards to orientation Utilized un public outdoor spaces -focus is on ensuring accessible travel between rather than within buildings Typical Users: -persons with a visual impairment -older adults with assistive device -users of mobility devices Purpose: safe, efficient, accessible, pedestrian travel in busy urban area Characteristics of the Urban Braille System -utilized in the design of public spaces-utilized for the visually impaired -using colour and tactile cues it provides warning signals in regards to orientation -great strides in the design of buildings (accessible/barrier free), what about spaces between buildings to ensure free movement and safety and comfort for those with special needs -public spaces are the living rooms of communities -Hamilton is one of the most accessible communities in North America, and well-known world-wide for making strides in accessibility -intended for urban areas with high levels of pedestrian traffic -also navigation through the rest of the environment as easily and conveniently as possible -used by those with visual impairments, older adults, mobility devices, wheelchairs -tactile information located within a 1.5m pathway--all obstacles must be located outside this path -blind or visually impaired are good at distinguishing between 4-5 textures with the hand or cane -two textures- smooth and grooved Urban braille informs: -directional change -major versus minor path -entrance to buildings -sidewalk/road boundaries -ramps versus raised pedestrian crossings Accessibility for Ontarians With Disabilities Act (AODA) Latest statistic… –1.85 million Ontarians have a disability (1 in 7) –Soon to be 1 in 5! Accessibility for Ontarians with Disability Act (AODA) –Mandatory enforcement of accessibility standards
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