defining disability-lecture 1.docx

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Physical Education and Kinesiology
Course Code
Cathy Van Ingen

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How to define disability -The definition of disability has evolved over time based on societies knowledge of disability -1 in 7 people in Ontario have a disability whereas by 2036, 1 in 5 people in Ontario will have a disability "Any degree of physical disability, infirmity, malformation or disfigurement" Caused by: bodily injury, birth defect or illness Also included, persons with: -diabetes mellitus, epilepsy, any degree of paralysis -amputation, lack of physical coordination -blindness, visual impairment -speech impairment -physical reliance on a guide dog -wheelchair or other remedial device -learning disability, mental disorders -"non-visible" disabilities…for example: -non-evident (learning disability) -episodic (epilepsy) •See for further information on disability according to the Ontario Human Rights Commission According to the human right code: -everyone has the right to be free from discrimination because of disability or perceived disability in the areas of employment, services, goods, housing -right to equal treatment, accessible workplaces, public transit, health services, restaurants, shops housing -30-50% of complaints to the Ontario Human Rights Commission from persons with a disability World Health Organization -WHO is the directing and coordinating authority for health within the United Nations system. It is responsible for providing leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, and providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends According to WHO: -disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation that is a difficultly encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations. -disability is a complex experience resulting from the interaction of the persons body (psychological, physiological, anatomical, musculoskeletal systems) and features of the society (attitudes, accessibility, physical design, etc) -overcoming barriers for people with disabilities requires interventions to remove environment (physical characteristics of environment0 and social barriers -early definitions of disability were based on the of the disability, the interaction of the person with their environment was not considered! Internal Classification of disability from the WHO -disability could be considered a negative interaction between: -a person with a health condition (spinal cord injury) and that persons contextual factors (is the bus accessible) -disability should not be considered purely based on a health condition but also the interaction with the persons environment 1. ICF defines disability: as functioning in multiple life areas -simply seeing, walking, taking a bath, working, going to school, accessing social services and many such domains are included in the definition 2. Disability is seen as a result of an interaction between a person (with a health condition) and that persons contextual factors (environmental factors and personal factors) -simply, disability is not seen as an individuals intrinsic feature but a result of interaction in an environmen
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