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Poli Lecture 1 Jan 8.docx

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Brock University
Political Science
Bozidar Mitrovic

Tuesday January 8 , 2013 Poli Lecture Semester 2: Political Parties: Slide 1: This term - parties, elections, social movements - foreign policy - international relations - development - global problems - war/terrorism - global economy and globalization Slide 2: Political Parties - relevant still? - Essential for democracy? - Are you a member? Slide 3: Parties in decline? - shallow roots - policy often developed and implemented by public service and interest groups - partisanship in decline - other forms of social organization - changing bases of partisanship - is this good for democracy? Slide 4: Parties are still important - 111 parties ran in 2005 iraqi election - structure choice in elections – independents do not do well Slide 5: Political Party defined - an organization made up of volunteers and paid professionals who work together to achieve common goals (primarily to win elected office) - parties may compete simply to highlight an issue Slide 6: Origins th - UK – early 19 century - Cliques in parliament formed around leaders of factions - Elite dominated - Extension of franchise – starting 1832 – leads to growth of electorate. New parties emerge (Labour). Slide 7: Party Categories: Elite-based - elite-based: early UK conservatives, early Canadian liberals and conservatives - small, dominated by elite, aimed to reward supporters with patronage - found in earliest stages of democratic development Slide 8: Mass-Based - response to the elite based parties - aided by extension of franchise - large membership - highly dependent on membership for resources - social clubs and outreach - British Labour Party until 1990’s Slide 9: Ethnic Parties - seek to protect ethnic group - Inkatha Freedom Party (South Africa) - Voice of Zulu nation - Aim to get resources for group Slide 10: Catch-all (Electoral-professional) - emerge after WWII - small membership - leader centered - ideologically vague - focus on elections - Contemporary Canadian Conservatives, Liberals and NDP - Us Republicans and Democrats - Media core tactical weapon - Dominant party category in West now Thursday January 10 , 2013 Slide 11: Movement parties - non-hierarchical (European greens) - small membership, Concerned with core ideas - very difficult to govern Slide 12: Functions of parties - leadership selection - candidate recruitment and nomination - electoral campaigning - social - educational - trying to find someone to represent the party - offer social opportunity with the party leaders - we can learn something about pubic policy from a campaign Slide 13: Leadership selection-crucial - public face of party (media, communication) - enormous influence on policy - unites party caucus - motivate grass roots & raise $$ - 2008 US election cost $5.3 billion (twice ’04) - Obama raised $742 million - McCain raised $367 million - Has to have a squeaky clean background (Obama Harvard law degree) - Have to have a successful candidate in order to raise money - Neither Obama or McCain took public money - Anybody with money or connections can be president Slide 14: Choosing leaders - in the past many parties have selected leaders from within party caucus (United Kingdom) - trend toward leadership convention and universal member voting (UM
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