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Lecture

Thursday January 24th Poli lecture.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 1F90
Professor
Bozidar Mitrovic
Semester
Winter

Description
Thursday January 24 , 2013 Poli Lecture Slide 1: Voter turnout - was very strongly correlated with high socio-economic status (SES) - paradox: education and income are up, but voter turnout declining - high voter turnout means satisfaction with the regime - educated people are more cynical about politics - a lot of educated people do not vote Slide 2: Average turnout (1945-2000) (idea.int) - Italy (14) 92.5 - Australia (21) 84.4 - UK (15) 79.4 - Canada (17) 68.9 - Switzerland (13) 49.th - USA (26) 48.3 (20 on list) Slide 3: Canadian turnout (% of registered voters) - 1958 79.4 - 1963 79.4 - 1968 75.7 - 1974 71 - 1984 75.3 - 1993 69.6 - 2004 60.3 - 2006 64.9 - 2008 59.1 (lowest ever) - 2011 61.1 Slide 4: 2011 turnout - turnout in maritime provinces are higher - NU had the lowest voter turn out Slide 5: Us v.s Canadian turnout: Voter fatigue? - in an average 4 year period, average Canadian will get to vote 3-4 times. They will get to pick about a dozen candidates, mainly for local office - US voter have as many as a dozen election to vote in. Presidential, congressional, state government, and local elections, plus plebiscites - Many states use ballot incentives - Vote so often you cannot be bothered to vote Slide 6: Why didn’t people vote? (Canada 2011) - statistics Canada study - Not interested (22.7%) - Too busy (22.9) - Out of town (10.1) Slide 7: How do we raise turnout? - Solutions? Motor voter legislation in USA; same-day registration - Bill C-24 (June 2003): $1.75 per vote/year - Amendments to Elections Act will end subsidy by march 2015 - Doesn’t seem to raised turnout. Gimmor and Brox (2010): Early voting impact? - Campaign outreach Slide 8: What has research found? - 18 continuously democratic regimes since 1950 (240 elections) - found: 10% drop in voter turnout in 18 countries looked at - exceptions: Sweden and denmark - recent samara study of Canadians: efficacy important - countries with higher literacy = higher turnout (news paper) Slide 9: Institute for democracy and assistance - plurality-majority - s
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