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Thursday September 27 Political Science Lecture.docx

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Brock University
Political Science
Bozidar Mitrovic

Thursday September 27, 2012 Political Science Lecture Ideologies of Mdernity Slide 1: Modern Ideologies - modernity spawned a variety of ideological schools/families - with the demise of feudalism, people were free to ponder and publish their thoughts - modernity means something different if you’re a historian - came at the point of literacy Slide 2: Modernity’s Children - liberalism (Locke 1632-1704) - Socialism (Fourier 1772-1837) - Conservatism (Burke 1729-1797) - Fascism (Mussolini 1883-1945) - Communism (Marx 1818-1883) Slide 3: Liberalism and Socialism/Marxism share things in common - Humanism (ultimate end) - Rationalism (reason solves problems) - Secularism ( religion not final truth) - Progressivism (history is progress) - Universalism (all equal-all same) Tuesday October 2 2012d Slide 4: Most cited thinkers - Marx - Lenin - Shakespeare - Aristotle - The bible - Plato - Freud - Chomsky (most cited living person) - Hegel - Cicero Slide 5: 1848 The Communist Manifesto - “Let the ruling classes tremble at a Communist revolution. The proletarians have nothing to lose but their chains. The have a world to win. Working men of all countries unite!” Slide 6: Marx and Marxism - come out of socialist critique of liberal individualism, competition and self interest - born in Trier, Germany in 1818 - Read in economics, sociology, philosophy, political science - “it is not the consciousness of men that determines their being but… their social being determines their consciousness” - did all his work in the UK Slide 7: Marx’s political development - British political economy (Adam Smith) - French socialism - Russian anarchism - Hegle (History struggle toward ideal) Slide 8: Exile - meets Frederick Engles in France and writes The Communist Manifesto in 1848 - Engles Conditions of the Working Classes in England (1845) - Flees to London (1849-1883) Slide 9: Socialism - Equality is good - Humans are natuarally cooperative - Response to European industrial capitalism - Read Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle (1906) for picture of pre-welfare state society Slide 10: Historical Materialism - Contradictory social forces collide and produce new synthesis - Slavery-feudalism-capitalism-communism - Progressive process leading to communism - From Capital: “ the ultimate aim of this work is to lay bare the economic law of motion of modern society Thursday October 4 , 2012 Slide 11: Picture of archetypal Egypt politics - Pharaoh - Vizier - Nobles Priests - Scribes Soldiers - Craftsmen - Farmers Slaves Slide 12: Picture of industrial revolution - children in a textile mill - terrible qualities come with industrial revolution - no proper
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