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Thursday November 1st.docx

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLI 1F90
Professor
Bozidar Mitrovic
Semester
Fall

Description
Thursday November 1 , 2012st Constitution (Federalism and Legislative design) Slide 1: Constitutions and division of power - confederal (weak central government) - federal (federal and states/provinces share power) - unitary (all power flows from center) Slide 2: Confederal States - sovereignty retained by member constituents - central government has powers granted by members - these can be taken back - secession always an option for unhappy members Slide 3: Confederations - weak central government - USA 1781-1787 under Articles of Confederation (Shay’s Rebellion) - Southern USA during Civil War - Iroquois Confederacy - Switzerland before 1848 - EU? Slide 4: map of EU - 27 states that came together - integrated trade and foreign policy - formed politics - 17 have the same currency - to join the EU you cant have the death penalty - have to be a free market - have to be a democracy - is a confederacy - anyone can leave at anytime - no country has ever left the EU Slide 5: Federal States - Canada, USA, Germany, Australia, India, Mexico… - Tend to be large and democratic, with regional minorities - In federal states sovereignty is formally divided between central (also. Lander, cantons, regions, communities) Slide 6: Map of Canada - we disperse power among the country Slide 7: map of Germany - has lots of regional identity - each state has its own power Slide 8: map of India - multiethnic country - about 700 languages spoken in India - because of the diversity it makes sense that India is a federal state - has 12 official languages Slide 9: map of Russia - 11 time zones - larges country - not every unit has the same amount of power or autonomy - population is ethnically distinct - lots of diversity Slide 10: Why federalism? - desire for enlarged economic markets (Canada 1867, Australia 1901) - uniting preexisting units (Canada, Australia) - Concession to regional/cultural minorities (Canada, Belgium, Spain) - Appreciation of local autonomy (principle of subsidiarity) Tuesday November 6 , 2012h Slide 11: Divisions of powers - outlines in BNA Act, 1867 - federal government gets defense, marriage/divorce, currency (among other things) - provinces get explicitly stated (enumerated) powers (education, natural resources, municipal government) - residual powers (that not mentioned in Constitution goes to federal level) Slide 12: Adjudicating disputes - courts determine if levels of government is ultra vires - ultra vires = acting beyond its jurisdiction Slide 13: Unitary States - one level of government - UK, New Zealand, Japan - 50 federal states in the world - most states are unitary Slide 14: Map of UK - states have less power then a Canadian province or US state Slide 15: Presidential v.s Parliamentary (*usually on exam) Presidential: - strict separation of powers - Pres. Not member of congress - No responsible government-fixed term - President is the Head of state and Government Parliamentary: - distinct heads of state/government - PM and Cabinet are MPs and Executive - Responsible government convention Slide 16: Consequences of Parliamentary system (*on exam) - Enormous concentration of power - Party discipline - Clear chain of responsibility - Governments are effective - Governments can be dissolved (1979, 2005, 2008) - Elective dictatorship? - Not always good for local interests - Minorit
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