Class Notes (834,049)
Canada (508,296)
Brock University (12,083)
POLI 1F90 (138)

Thursday November 1st.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Bozidar Mitrovic

Thursday November 1 , 2012st Constitution (Federalism and Legislative design) Slide 1: Constitutions and division of power - confederal (weak central government) - federal (federal and states/provinces share power) - unitary (all power flows from center) Slide 2: Confederal States - sovereignty retained by member constituents - central government has powers granted by members - these can be taken back - secession always an option for unhappy members Slide 3: Confederations - weak central government - USA 1781-1787 under Articles of Confederation (Shay’s Rebellion) - Southern USA during Civil War - Iroquois Confederacy - Switzerland before 1848 - EU? Slide 4: map of EU - 27 states that came together - integrated trade and foreign policy - formed politics - 17 have the same currency - to join the EU you cant have the death penalty - have to be a free market - have to be a democracy - is a confederacy - anyone can leave at anytime - no country has ever left the EU Slide 5: Federal States - Canada, USA, Germany, Australia, India, Mexico… - Tend to be large and democratic, with regional minorities - In federal states sovereignty is formally divided between central (also. Lander, cantons, regions, communities) Slide 6: Map of Canada - we disperse power among the country Slide 7: map of Germany - has lots of regional identity - each state has its own power Slide 8: map of India - multiethnic country - about 700 languages spoken in India - because of the diversity it makes sense that India is a federal state - has 12 official languages Slide 9: map of Russia - 11 time zones - larges country - not every unit has the same amount of power or autonomy - population is ethnically distinct - lots of diversity Slide 10: Why federalism? - desire for enlarged economic markets (Canada 1867, Australia 1901) - uniting preexisting units (Canada, Australia) - Concession to regional/cultural minorities (Canada, Belgium, Spain) - Appreciation of local autonomy (principle of subsidiarity) Tuesday November 6 , 2012h Slide 11: Divisions of powers - outlines in BNA Act, 1867 - federal government gets defense, marriage/divorce, currency (among other things) - provinces get explicitly stated (enumerated) powers (education, natural resources, municipal government) - residual powers (that not mentioned in Constitution goes to federal level) Slide 12: Adjudicating disputes - courts determine if levels of government is ultra vires - ultra vires = acting beyond its jurisdiction Slide 13: Unitary States - one level of government - UK, New Zealand, Japan - 50 federal states in the world - most states are unitary Slide 14: Map of UK - states have less power then a Canadian province or US state Slide 15: Presidential v.s Parliamentary (*usually on exam) Presidential: - strict separation of powers - Pres. Not member of congress - No responsible government-fixed term - President is the Head of state and Government Parliamentary: - distinct heads of state/government - PM and Cabinet are MPs and Executive - Responsible government convention Slide 16: Consequences of Parliamentary system (*on exam) - Enormous concentration of power - Party discipline - Clear chain of responsibility - Governments are effective - Governments can be dissolved (1979, 2005, 2008) - Elective dictatorship? - Not always good for local interests - Minorit
More Less

Related notes for POLI 1F90

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.