Class Notes (834,807)
Canada (508,727)
Brock University (12,083)
POLI 2F20 (29)
Lecture 4

Tuesday October 1st 2013 Lecture 4.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Political Science
Blayne Haggart

Tuesday October 1 2013 Poli 2F20 Lecture 4: * Neo-conservatism will be on midterm * The “neos”: Neo-realism, neo-liberalism, and neo-conservatism; Constructivism Slide 1: The “Neos” - Neo-realism v. neo-liberalism: Dominant IR debate for last 20 years - Neo-conservatism: Persistent ideological strain in U.S. foreign policy - Shapes what is possible Slide 2: Neo-realism - Usually defined as Waltz’s structural realism (1979) o States are the main actor o They want to survive o Have to rely on self help - Key points: o Struggle for power driven by anarchy, not human nature - Three elements of international system: o Organizing principle: Anarchy (international); hierarchy (domestic) o Units: Sovereign states (what you’re going to focus on) o Distribution of capabilities across units (stronger/weaker)  Military  Tells you what the order is in international relations  Strong do what they can weaker suffer - Neo = new - Only people they can count on is themselves Slide 3: Neo-realism - Assumptions: Force is important and effective o Balance of power is central mechanism for maintaining international order o Determines who gets what o During the cold war o Unipolar, Bi-polar, multi polar - Two main types of neo- (structural) realism: o Offensive realism (seek to maximize relative power; drive to dominate)  Relevant power  Depth between states  You’re not strong unless the other is weak o Defensive realism (seek to maximize security; drive to balance)  Good enough security  Room for coordination Slide 4: Core ideas in Liberal IR: Current dominant strands - Democratic peace liberalism o Democracies don’t go to war with other democracies o The more democratic countries the less war, democratic countries don’t go to war with each other o Flaws: how we define democracy, how do we define war Slide 5: Neo-liberalism - Policy world: Identified with capitalism and Western democratic values and institutions - Free market economy - Academically: Most often refers to liberal institutionalism - Emphases: commerce, democracy o Also: Role of interdependence and institutions  Absolutely key to understanding international relations o Emerged in 70s - Key developments: o Functional integration theory (1950s-60s)  Europe wanted to avoid another war o Complex interdependence literature (1970s-80s)  Green peace  Issues of commerce, explosion of trade  Happen at all different levels  Military might work in certain circumstances Slide 6: Neo-liberal institutionalism: Key assumptions - States are key actors, but not the only actors - States are rational utility maximizers - States cooperate to achieve absolute gains o Multilateralism can be in the national interest o Opens the door to cooperation - Greatest obstacle to cooperation: cheating o Due to anarchy/human nature Slide 7: Neo-liberal institutionalism: Key assumptions - Regimes and institutions help govern a competitive and anarchic international system o Goal: Reduce cheating (via institutional rules) - Institutional benefits: o Increase information and transparency o Reduce transaction costs – sovereignty o Can become catalysts for cooperation - If institutions are seen to deliver benefits, they will garner support o Stick around longer if their original use is gone o World Bank o Assumes a mutual interest Slide 8: The two neos and globalization - Globalization challenges state power o Neo-realists: states are still principal actors  Concern is new security issues from uneven globalization o Not all votes are equal o Neo-liberals: most believe globalization is positive force  All states benefit from economic growth  Some believe states should promote institutions to manage consequences of globalization to create positive consequences Slide 9: Neo-conservatism - A “quasi-theory” o Not a full fledged theory o Neo-conservatism in
More Less

Related notes for POLI 2F20

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.