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Monday September 16 Poli 2p99.docx

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Political Science
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Charles Conteh

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Monday September 16, 2013 Poli 2p99 Lecture 2: Intro: - comparative politics - the nature of the bureaucracy (institutional institution) - how we understand society 3 I’s Ideas: - egalitarian - multiculturalism - bilingualism - fiscal prudence Institutions: - Westminster (PMO) - Bicameral legislature - Intergovernmental relations & federalism - Regionalism Interests: - aboriginal - environmentalists - labour unions - feminist/woman - poor/homeless/disabled - ethnic minority - sexual orientation LGBT The Systematic Approach to Policy Studies: Slide 1: Introduction to Basic Concepts in the study of Public Policy - where you stand on Canada’s public policy record often depends on where you sit - you define everything differently Slide 2: What is Public Policy? - “whatever governments choose to do or not do” Thomas Dye - “Public policy as a course of action or inaction by public authorities to address a given problem or set of problems” Leslie Pal - public policy is only the actions taken by certain groups - unless it goes through the PMO it is not public policy - choice to not do something is the governments choice (ignoring something, refusing to do something) - not doing things impulsively - rational or justification - course of action/pattern - have to represent the values of the nation Slide 3: - note the precondition of “problem recognition” in our definition of public policy - difference between the majority and those who think about society - through the lenses of others Slide 4: Why do we study public policy in Canada? - 1. To understand the legitimacy and capacity of government action - we systematically try to understand law, what’s to much and what is too little Slide 5: Examples - should the government be involved in “promoting” healthy families, or are such activities too intrusive (and vague)? o Consumer products o Food within schools (healthy) o Safety in household o - Can governments “help” people achieve their full potential, or does it undermine self-reliance and promote a psyche of dependence? o Camps/stuff for children o Provide basic life skills o Education costs Slide 6: Why do we study public policy - 2. To determine the appropriate layers and loci of government action - federal government controls public healthcare as much as they say it is up to the provinces - government has put homelessness on the United Way - actions taken out of state Slide 7: Examples - which level of government should be responsible for promoting food safety in Canada – federal, provincial or municipal? - What should the role of non-governmental actors, communities or the private sector in Canada’s environmental policy? Slide 8: Why do we study public policy - 3. To deepen our understanding of various sectors of public policy such as health care, environmental policy, child poverty ect. Slide 9: Examples - after years of policy intervention and millions of dollars in tax expenditures, how far has Canada come in advancing the welfare of children and investing in the next generation? - What’s the justification of it - What values does it appeal to - What are the interests behind it/against it - How they weave their way through the system to get what they want - What can be done Slide 10: - 4. To analyze the causes and consequences of public
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