Class Notes (809,508)
Canada (493,753)
Brock University (11,930)
POLI 2P99 (19)

Monday November 4th 2013 Poli 2p99.docx

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Brock University
Political Science
Charles Conteh

Monday November 4 2013 th Poli 2P99: Slide 1: - the fundamental question (or debate), however, is whether social assistance in Canada creates the tendency to institutionalize dependence, or whether it helps Canadians recover from temporal hardships and stir beneficiaries towards more self-reliance Slide 2: Redistribution – Class and regional dimensions - Canada’s progressive taxation system is meant to correct for income disparity along class lines - But is it really progressive? - (not the ongoing debate over Canada’s most recent reduction in corporate taxes even as the nation’s deficit and debater continue to grow) Slide 3: Redistribution along regional lines has several components a. Equalization payments b. Income transfer to residents in poorer regions c. Industrial Assistance Programs Slide 4 : Conclusion - several considerations about the future of social policy in Canada - global economic integration and its impact on social policy: the growling race to the bottom over the past 2 decades Slide 5: - the North American free trade agreement (NAFTA) and the dismantling of what Americans consider “unfair” industrial practices in Canada - growing prospects of a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) and Canada’s potential competition with lost-cost jurisdictions in South America - the demographic “time-bomb” as the baby-boomers retire- resulting in fears about potentially massive debt and/or tax burden on the next generation - if Canada’s workforce shrinks (as projected), a smaller proportion of the (younger) labour force will be footing the bill for a dependent and larger fraction of the (older) population – social spending is thus projected to dwarf revenue generation in the near future Public Healthcare Policy in Canada Slide 1: Introduction Normative versus Positivist Views of Healthcare Policy - Normative views: o Public health care as an essential protection of physical wellbeing and human dignity o Public health care as a manifestation of the moral dictates a civilized society - Positivist Views o Healthcare as an economic logic of human resource management in a capitalist economy o Healthcare as a calculated strategy of nation-building in a geographically, culturally and linguistically fragmented country Slide 2: Healthcare and Canadian Law - the constitutional framework of Health Policy governance is established in Section 92, sub-section 7 of Canada’s Constitution - note the federal government’s extensive involvement in healthcare today, notwithstanding the dictates of the constitution - Canada Health Act (CHA) of 1984 reinforces the federal government’s authority to defend national standards of public health care in Canada (despite resistance from some provincial governments) Slide 3: The Pillars of Canada’s Public HealthCare: - administered by Public Authority - Universality and Equal Access - Comprehensive - Portable - What are some of the disconnects between the ideals of the four pillars of the CHA and the reality of health care in Canada? - How has the charter of 1982 changed our understanding of Canada’s public healthcare system? - Some scholars have warned that the present imperfections in the public healthcare system represent substantial inconsistency with the fundamental principles of justice and therefore constitute a sufficient violation of Charter Rights guarantee under Section 7 Slide 4: Issues of efficiency & Effectiveness in Health Policy - one of the biggest challenges to the notion of public health care is soaring cost resulting from increasing drugs, diagnostic and other medical technology - t
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