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Monday October 7 Poli 2P99.docx

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Political Science
Charles Conteh

Monday October 7, 2013 Poli 2P99 Lecture 5: Implementing and Evaluating Public Policy Slide 1: The Policy Cycle – Agenda Setting to Evaluation - An overview of the stages of a policy cycle: o 1) Problem Definition o 2) Agenda setting o 3) policy formation o 4) instrument selection o 5) policy implementation o 6) policy evaluation - what to be done or not to be done at all Slide 2: - much of our previous lectures have explicitly or implicitly focused on theories of policy formulation - e.g Dynamic and structuralist theories of decision making in Canada - why things are the way they are Slide 3: Policy Implementation as a Stage of the Policy Process - the policy implementation stage is the process whereby programs or policies are carried out – the translation of plans into practice Slide 4: - policy implementation involves the transformation of “goals” into actions that directly touch citizens’ lives/welfare - how they challenge the state - stereotyping - how it affects your life Slide 5: - there are two kinds of goals: general and operational - implementation mostly focuses on operational goals Slide 6: The Two Dilemmas of Implementation: Democracy and Efficiency 1. Separating politics and administration: a. Can the means and ends of public policy be separated? - e.g can government bureaucracies be rightly described as restricted to policy implementation in the narrow sense of the word, or are they involved in “making” their own policies? 2. the ambiguities of efficiency: a. how do we know when public funds have been used “efficiently” given that policy problems – like homelessness – are often so complex and multi-faceted? Slide 7: The problems of ambiguities - uncertainty of goals (often nebulous and conflicting) - co-ordination (departmental ‘stove-pipes of government) - measuring results (the limitations of numbers and the problem of subjectivity/biases) Slide 8: The Implementation Process – the problem of “Rationality” - the rational stages of implementation consist of a simple linear process of: o instrument selection o communication o program delivery Slide 9: - each of these stages however, is fraught with conundrums 1. Instrum
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