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Monday October 21st 2013 Poli 2Q98.docx

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Brock University
Political Science
Blayne Haggart

Monday October 21 2013t Poli 2Q98: New Public Management Slide 1: The context: Neo Liberalism - the Keynesian collapse in the 1970’s o expansion of public - “Free capital flows, the ascendency of financial capital, and the spread of commodification into every aspect of social life” (Pantich & Swartz 2003) - The hegemonic strategy for economic globalization” (Jessop 2002) o Freer markets o Right of policy o Capital internationally o Undermines the states ability to regulate - Best society is one where there is the best market transactions - Maximizing the reach of the market Slide 2: Con’t - a theory of political economic practices that propose that human well-being can be best advanced by liberating individual entrepreneurial freedoms and skills within a institutional framework characterized by strong private property rights, free markets, and free trade” (Harvey 2005) - new public management as the implementation of neoliberalism in the public sector - private property doesn’t mean personal property it means, means of production (factories) - expanding markets and trade - best thought of as a class warfare from bottle - power lost in Keynesian was taken by neoliberalism, wanted to undo the Keynesian way o rich are getting richer, poor getting poorer – gap is getting bigger between the 2 - see the state and its involvement in the market as accumulation, lassie-fair - bureaucracy would have to be less active - individual responsibility - emphasis on personal failings, not a failing of the system - goal is to no longer protect society from market demands but to protect markets from society demands Slide 3: The impetus of change - “the dead hand of bureaucracy” o they were slow o didn’t get anything done o didn’t respond well to the demand of government or society o emphasis was on people o people should be given the opportunity to act individually/independently o ministerial responsibility – did what supervisors said o called on participative leadership o undo authoritarian nature of work  there may be accountability problems o focus on the needs and preferences of their clients – how they want their government to deliver it o emphasis away from citizens – reoccurring theme  treat them as clients  emphasis being put on individuals not society or communities as a whole - Reinventing Government o Neoliberal paradigms o Outlived its usefulness and new bureaucracy was needed o Profit maximizing behavior o To make it more effective o Contracting out of services – offering contracts to private sectors o More choices had to be delivered o More developed budgets o Eliminate rules and procedures  Get in the way of getting things done o Reconceived government – they should be the ideas man, create directions for the country, but rely on the private and non-private sector to implement the ideas o Where government agencies are required, competition should be allowed within different departments – compete for resources o There should be competition of public and private sector – to deliver the better product o Contracting out at big events – waste disposal, costs you less as a tax payer o More market is bad o Performance measurement, should have clear measures of what their actions do, all programs are reviewed on this criteria o Reciprocate of government services are customers not citizens, based on choice (more choice better quality) o Public sector should turn a profit – charging a service fee Slide 4: Key Elements of NPM - autonomy and managerial flexibility o public sector workers should be free from the constraints of the organization o should make their own decision of how the public sector works o questions ministerial responsibility - performance measurement o performance of public servants should be measured o make sure the process was always followed in public service work o all about measuring clear outcomes o we care about the ends not the means, was the customer served – don’t care about how you got from A to B but that you got there - citizens centered delivery of services o ensuring the quality to the tax payers is high o doesn’t mean service provided by the public sector, but by the service provided everywhere out o client, customer and tax payer is used instead of citizens - openness to competition o public agencies should be able to compete against each other and there should be competition between public and private sectors - shared values o idea that in any individual department there should be a set of values that are shared between that department o values replaces rules o will ensure the same thing will be done as rules - focus on managing o focuses shifts away from policy creation o take policy out of the public sector o concentrate on managing and not be focused on policy making o Canada rejected pure uncut NPM  Good government is less government  Government and its institutions play an important role  Enter in alliances into other models  Good direction for the government to go o Shift in new delive
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