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Lecture 7

POLI 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Positive Liberty, Human Nature, Marxism–Leninism

Political Science
Course Code
Paul Hamilton

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Lecture #7
Ideology and political philosophy
Canadian political parties
Left: NDP, Marxist- Leninist
Centre: Liberal
Right: Conservatives
Others: Green, Bloc Quebecois, Christian Heritage, Marijuana Party
Left-right dimension does not capture the whole political spectrum
Left right continuum: (attitude toward state) (see textbook pg 158)
Ideas matter
Think of impact of Karl Marx
How we conceive of fundamentals determines how we conduct politics
Fundamental: what is human nature?
Do individuals have rights? How should govt be limited?
Human nature (central issue)
Are we social creatures (Aristotle)?
Are we power seekers (Nietzsche), or benign creatures inclined toward cooperation
Hobbes (1588-1679)
State of nature is violent- no society possible
Solution: abdicate freedom to sovereign in exchange for security
Aristotle (384-322 BC)
Opposite of Hobbes
Society is natural
Humans naturally political
Highest form of human actualization is the polis. Only beasts (or Gods) can live outside
of the political community
Equality vs inequality
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