PCUL 1F92 Lecture Notes - Ipod Classic, Connotation, Denotation
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PCUL1F92 Section 1: Tuesday, November-15-11
** Video Advertisement for Apple ‘You’ll see why 1984 won’t be like ‘1984’”
The Example of Apple
•Part of the exchange value of a product.
•Evident in Pan Am example in its evoking of a past era of glamorous jet
•Also trying to evoke popular representations of that era, in shows such
as Mad Men (which itself has successfully sold lifestyle elements).
** Image of Apple logo **
A brand built around notions of lifestyle.
The Apple Image
•Originally carved out a niche among ‘creative’ types.
oe.g. capabilities in graphic designs in studios, etc.
•A marginal computer brand after initial home computer success.
•It has since become a lifestyle icon.
•How has this exploded in the last 5 years?
•A clearly constructed image for sale.
•Notion that lifestyle and image has exchange value.
oBeyond use value.
Denotation vs Connotation
•Tied to issues of language – how we use it.
•Denotation: The literal or primary meaning; the action or process of
referring to something by means of a word, symbol, etc.
•Connotation: The idea or feeling that a word invokes in addition to its
primary meaning; perhaps through the nature of the chosen sign,
oSeen in oral media, film, etc.
oFilm: an image represents an item. e.g. a chair. However using
low angle and shadows now connotes a ‘creepy’ chair.
**Image of a cute puppy** **Image of a violent, scary dog**
Both images denote ‘dogs’, but the connotations are very different.