PSYC 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, Tobias Hecht, Jean-Jacques Rousseau
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Jan 19 & 20
Week 2: Constructing Childhood
I/ Innocent child versus adultlike child
II/ Becoming versus being
III/ Broader implications/questions
•There are diverse and sometimes conflicting beliefs about childhood.
•There are implications to various beliefs about childhood.
•Discourse is a concept used to understand childhood as a social construct.
I/ Innocent child vs adultlike child
A) Defining innocence
-link to Enlightenment
-Jean Jacques Rousseau: Although modesty is natural to man, it is not natural to children. Modesty only begins
with the knowledge of evil.
-Expansion to middle and working classes
C) Some consequences or effects
• Protection versus participation
-Eg general vulnerability
D) Complicated: Innocence and Consumption
•Using innocence as a marketing tool
•Thomas, Susan Gregory. 2007. Buy, Buy Baby: How Consumer Culture Manipulates Parents and Harms Young
Minds. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.
Main points: there are diverse and sometimes conflicting beliefs about childhood, there are implications to various beliefs about childhood, discourse is a concept used to understand childhood as a social construct. I/ innocent child vs adultlike child: defining innocence, history. Jean jacques rousseau: although modesty is natural to man, it is not natural to children. Modesty only begins with the knowledge of evil. Expansion to middle and working classes: some consequences or effects, protection versus participation. Participation: measured lenience, idealized, complicated: innocence and consumption, using innocence as a marketing tool, thomas, susan gregory. Buy, buy baby: how consumer culture manipulates parents and harms young. Home in the street: street children of northeast brazil: langer, beryl. The business of branded enchantment: ambivalence and disjuncture in the global children s culture in journal of consumer culture, 4(2), 251-277: complicated: dangerous, troublesome, manipulative, historical, selective: eg street kids, complicated: children as adult-like, adult-like abilities, celebrated, lamented: postman, neil.