PSYC 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Cultural Capital, Bourgeoisie, Food Bank

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
Brock University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1F90
Professor
Week 7: Class, inequality and poverty
Outline
I/ Wrap up on global lecture
II/ Defining class
III/ Inequality in Canada
IV/ Contributors to inequality
V/ Effects of class differences
VI/ Cultural capital
VII/ Cultural capital in action
I/ Wrap up on global lecture
Overall
Global movement of people
- Movement of young people
- Movement of people bridging worlds
Main points
There are various overlapping but distinct definitions of class
Class-based inequality is a feature of our society and has a significant impact on young peoples’ lives.
Cultural capital suggests hidden forms of class inequality.
II/ Defining class
Differences in wealth: money and valuable goods a person or family controls minus outstanding debt
(Macionis 259)
o Easier to report on income (poor, rich, moderate)
o Relation to means of production, relational
o Proletariat, petty-bourgeoisie and bourgeoisie
o Bourgeoisie--> boss
o Petty--> not paid for worker
o Proletariat--> paid for work
o Skills, education resources--> always asked about education
o Class composite--> its not enough to look at income, relations, education, etc. but it has to be
everything as a whole
Class as occupation, with a focus on income
Relation to means of production
o Relational
o Proletariat, petty-bourgeoisie and bourgeoisie
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Document Summary

There are various overlapping but distinct definitions of class. Class-based inequality is a feature of our society and has a significant impact on young peoples" lives. Cultural capital suggests hidden forms of class inequality. Class as occupation, with a focus on income. Relation to means of production: relational, proletariat, petty-bourgeoisie and bourgeoisie. The problem is in the people themselves and will hinder their education and ability: challenging the deficit model: sometimes brings advantages (resilience), new ideas about the hierarchy, instead of blaming individuals, helping them. One in six (elementary teachers federation of ontario) Iv/ contributors to inequality: individual level, un/employment--> 1/3 children that are in poverty have parents that work full time, wealth (or not!) Inequalities linked to culture and race--> discrimination, residential schools, E. g. aboriginal poverty9: value of addressing at community level, policy level. Job creation: taxation patterns--> who gets taxed, how much, what ways, social services: health, education, ei-->government funded.

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