Class Notes (1,000,000)
CA (620,000)
Brock U (10,000)
PSYC (800)
Lecture 13

PSYC 3F20 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Specific Phobia, Etiology, Panic Attack

Course Code
Andrew Dane

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Lecture 13: Specic Phobia
Specic Phobia: Criteria
Marked fear or anxiety about a specic object or situation
Phobix object or situation almost always provokes immediate
fear or anxiety
Phobic object or situation is actively avoided or endured with
intense fear or anxiety
Fear or anxiety out of proportion to the actual danger
Fear, anxiety or avoidance persistent last at least 6 months
Causes clinically signicant distress or impairment in social,
occupational, or other important areas of functioning
-it is maladaptive because you end up avoiding things that are
not harmful
Specic phobia speciers
Four speciers:
1. Animal
2. environmental
3. blood-injection injury
4. situational
More common in women then men
Etiology of Specic Phobia
Example: bitten by a dog, you now fear all dogs
does not have to be experience can be vicarious where you
observe the experience through someone else
individual can have vulnerability fear of the experience and be
afraid of having the fear when the fear isn’t present
Traumatic Experience: Conditioning Fear
conditioned fear of phobic object or situation (learned alarm)
-no threat but you still develop fear of situation
may develop in three ways:
1. panic attack
2. direct traumatic experience
3. vicarious experience
-observed traumatic experience
-being told about a danger
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version