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Lecture

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3F40
Professor
John Mitterer
Semester
Fall

Description
-1Lecture #16 Personality Part IV Ÿ The concept ‘mojo’(modern translation of a Freudian concept of libido) refers to life energy, a concept popularized by Jim Morrison in the 1950s, then later seen in Austin powers Ÿ Three major forces in the 20 century, three major perspectives/movements of the human behaviour including psychoanalysis, behaviourism and its modern variation, and humanism Ÿ Psychoanalysis originates from Sigmund Freud, very dark view of the human condition, he saw people as fundamentally unhappy and incapable of happiness, dark animals caged by civilization, general state of discontent Ÿ We have multiple motivations of what and how we act, and we are completely unaware of what motivates us, there are outside of our awareness for good reason Ÿ Dark view that humans are determined by motives that are determined to control and govern our behaviour Ÿ Freud had multiple theories and hypotheses about human behaviour, and development, human mind structural model and the layers of human experience (conscious to unconscious) Ÿ He was trained as a neurologist and opened a private neurology practise and began to see a variety of conditions Ÿ People who weren’t pregnant said they were, people who said they ere blind, who really weren’t, people who said they were sick, who weren’t sick, something psychological about their ‘symptoms’ Ÿ Freud began to ask patients to talk about what happened in their lives, and earlier in their lives in their childhood, and what he found was that there Ÿ He hypothesized that there are occasions where people experience psychological conflicts that are hidden from awareness and emerge as physical symptoms, and the proper way to treat these problems was through talking to the patients, not by medications Ÿ He introduced the ‘talking cure’which we know today as psychotherapy Ÿ This was a prolific guy, he wrote extraordinary amount, generates hypotheses as he saw patients, and developed multiple writings into 23 volumes of writing and thinking constituting the most ambitious attempt to account for human behaviour, maps of the mind Ÿ Freud is known for two things, sex and aggression Ÿ Freud was deeply influenced by Darwin, much of human behaviour was driven by instinct Ÿ He postulated there were two kinds of instincts, one set that was based on preservation and surviving and the second set concerning reproduction Ÿ He later tied these two instincts together into a single concept called ‘libido’ Ÿ Libido is connected to sexuality, but not only about sexuality, but its any life sustaining urge or impulse Ÿ His idea around sexuality and libido was far broader than sexual pleasure, but anything that is life sustaining, satisfying, or pleasure oriented urge, force of all energy in the mind Ÿ He relabelled the libido as Eros in the end to prevent an alternate motivation which he came to recognize later in his career concerning motivations to aggress and to harm, an innate impulse to destroy things, called fanatos, any urge to destroy or harm or aggress against others or one self Ÿ This second motivation emerged much later, so much of his thinking was about libido, energy that fuels the system Ÿ Whats important of how people develop and personality develops, the libido has a process, pre- ordained, it emerges then migrates throughout the body, it is organized within various parts of the body called erogenous zones, areas of the body that become associated with pleasure (stage model) Ÿ Each stage describes an organization for the libido Ÿ The first of these stages is the oral stage, in the first month of life, the libido is organized around the mouth and the lips, its pleasurable to eat and ingest food, nutrition, the little baby enjoys being fed, o proxies/substitutes to being fed like thumb sucking Ÿ Primary concern infants work through about dependency and ability to trust caregivers Ÿ The structural component of personality develops called the id Ÿ Acquisition of nutrition becomes more proactive as the infant becomes a toddler, and more concerned about autonomy an mastery instead of dependency and trust Ÿ The anal stage is the next one which is between 1 and 3 and this stage toilet training begins, and there is a battle of who has control about baby’s bowel movements, the toddler or the mom Ÿ The toddler realizes that it feels good to retain and release bowel, and when you do this the right way and following the rules of how and when to go to the washroom, mom becomes happy, connection between self control and regulation and parent Ÿ This can be a very persistent problem as some toddlers are able to do this and others cannot because in part
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