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Brock University
Daniel Glenday

Culture Homo sapiens can procreate with any other Homo sapiens around the world. Other animals are bound by the constraints of extinctions Horace Miner (Anthropologist)  Asked the following question to a women on Fiji: "You've gained weight"  What happened to change the meaning of stating the above to a woman?  What do the contents of your bathroom or personal "shrine" symbolize? What is Culture? A culture is like a blueprint for behaviour Culture is a way of life shared by a group of people which includes a system of ideas, values. Beliefs, knowledge and customs transmitted from one generation to the next A SOCIETY consists of PEOPLE. Their CULTURE is what they HAVE and what they DO and how they THINK TOGETHER The material and nonmaterial objects that define a peoples way of life Iceberg Analogy What you see is so little, yet there is more to uncover Underneath the iceberg is what culture is about and can not be seen physically Above: See ,Hear, Touch, Taste, Smells [Material Culture] Below: Beliefs, Thought Patterns, Values, Myths [Non-material culture] Kinds of Culture Material Ex: iPad, Graffiti, Prius - tangible products of a national community or society Non-Material Culture What makes you a stranger when you are away from home? Non-Material Culture All the intangible products of a society Example: Patterns of communication [how to address someone] Types of Government [Democracy] Philosophies [Ethics about capital punishment] How you use material objects The Word: Gay  Original meaning from 1310: joyful, carefree, bright, optimistic  Meant seeking divorce  Gay Women=Prostitute Gay Man= Womanizer Gay House=Brothel  1970's uninhibited by morals The Components of Non-Material Culture 1. Symbols - Anything that can carry a meaning  often taken for granted  can bind people together/separate them  allow people to make sense of their lives 2. Gestures - using ones body to communicate  culture specific  personal space - North Americans/Europeans prefer to stand a meter away, Southern European and Asian countries are comfortable closer  eye movements - Many people avoid making eye contact. However, an evasive or indirect gaze sends out a strong signal of untrustworthiness  Appearance - The first seconds of meeting someone for the first time are more important than the next hour.  Hands - your hands are like signaling flags. They send a message no matter whatever position they are in. 3. Language - the whole body of words and ways of combining words used by a nation or people or a system of symbols that allows members of a society or nation to communicate with one another  Allows cultural transmission, passing on of culture from one generation to the next  Allows human experience to be cumulative that is the capacity to build on past experiences  Provides for a shared social past, present and future  Makes possible complex, shared and goal oriented or rational behaviour Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis Question: How does a baby learn the word "momma"? Language
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