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Lecture 16

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Brock University
Daniel Glenday

Human isolation: -tabula rasa –blank slate -the mind is an empty vessel and socialization is like taking a big jug and pouring culture into it -you cannot become human w/o socialization -it starts at birth and it never stops -whenever you learn anything about the culture, whenever you acquire cultural knowledge, that’s socialization -children raised in social isolationisolated children -have limited contact w/ people -never gone through the socialization process Feral children-found in the wild that have managed to survive in a forest -are worse off than isolated children (even if you find isolated children, they rarely develop normally) -learning takes place in stages, so the mind will open up during a particular stage and children will learn fast -the capacity to learn has to take place at a particular time -you cannot make up for lost time -they are not able to form intimate social relationships w/ others (never learned) -difficult to acquire basic language skills and people that have not been exposed to the socialization process appear to be strange (not really aware of what’s going on around them, game playingimportant part of socialization) -socialization is absolutely necessary before we can become fully human and w/o it, it’s a tragedy -socialization starts at birth, continues through life, even elderly are socialized into their position in their life cycle (old age is a status in our culture), it shows us how we are to behave and many times is determined by the life cycle Development of self: -children who have not been exposed to the socialization process lack a sense of self Cooley: -introduced the idea of the “looking glass self” -as I interact w/ you and you interact w/ me you’re looking into a mirror and you get a reflection of yourself from the other person -there are all kinds of ways to communicate w/ other people not just through language -ex. posture, gesture -they gesture and react to us and allow us to imagine how we appear to them -we judge how others are evaluating us -so when we make those judgment we develop self-conscious -we develop a sense of feelings about who we are -in order to care about other people we need to have a sense of selfempathy -we get that from socialization -we gradually acquire empathy by way of socialization and as we acquire it we develop a sense of self Mead: -The I, these are subjective, they are impulses the self has at birth -The Me is socialization -I is nature, Me is nurture -the objective component of the self it emerges as when people communicate symbolically -language is a symbol system -what we learn to do through interaction is take the role of the other -the looking glass sent you role expectations -so what we do is we take the role and is followed by the intention of playing that role -see this in children as they increasingly learn the roles that are being sent to them, and as they increasingly learn how to be and understand these roles they increasing develop a sense of se
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