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SOCI 2F60 (43)

Static Study

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Brock University
Daniel Glenday

 example of descriptive, static study, number of murders in Toronto in 2009  69. Population in scarborough, 2010, 593, 000 people lived in scarborough.  2. Trend  example of trend  divorce rate in Canada from 1952 – 2002 climb from 15% to 50%. Gradually increasing. This is a descriptive trend. It doesn’t attempt to tell you why divorce rates increase. It just gives you number  many reasons though. One of the reasons is the women movement is that women have more independence, economic independence, and don’t need to be married to survive.  it is easy to get out of marriage today. At one time divorce was almost impossible to attain  came with problems. Difficult to find a balance  Explanatory Studies o Try to explain why things happen or try to explain relationships between what we call variables. So for instance, how can we explain university attendance. One of the best explanations is parent income is associated with university attendance. Higher the income of parents, the more likely their children are to attend university. That is explanatory. Parental university and social class of parents is one of the most solid predictors of university attendance by offspring. Another explanatory study, people who live in cities, larger the cities, are more likely to commit suicide than people who live in villages, small towns, or the country side. Infant mortality is related to wealth. Wealthy people, middle class, upper middle class, infant mortality rates are lower  more educated, more knowledge, more likely to get prenatal and postnatal care for children. Mother more likely to be working, can’t spend amount of time looking after her children and so on. o Another example, when the economy improves, crime rates go down. A good economy, with lots of jobs, different social situation, than a poor economy that need money. Unemployed people can become desperate and more likely to commit crime. Found to be a consistent cause of crime. One of the reasons why the death penalty was abolished a few years ago in Canada, parliament abolished it despite the fact that many people are in favour. Statistics, studies, empirical studies, explanatory studies have found consistently that the death penalty does not deter, prevent murder. In US, the state controls the death penalty – whether it has it or not – and states that have it, their murder rates are not that much different than states that have the death penalty. Texas for instance, is big on penalty. Observed over time that death penalty does not deter murder, and many people thought it was good to abolish it. Those people who are in favour of it, another argument, people that behave like Cliffard Olsen, child predator, the death penalty represents just punishment for doing that. Paul Bernado and Karla Homolka o Cliffard Olson killed 12 childrenoperated in BC, died in prison of cancer.  Social Accounting o Both type of studies can be used to develop social policy. You may get job in provincial governmen
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