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SOCI 2F60 (43)

Ethnic groups

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Daniel Glenday

o Ethnic groups in Yogoslavia  bosnians, croats, serbs, cosovars, montongreims (5 different ethnicities that used to make up old Yugoslavia) held together by communist system and when it collapsed they emerged o Sometimes ethnic identities are so strong that they can unleash ethnic cleansing o Ethnic cleansing  one ethnic group systematically killing another ethnic group o Serbs were killing bosniacs etc. o Africai n 1990s in Rwanda, Hutu and Tutsis were killing each other, ethnic tribal groups o Because of this, many people say that hybridization thesis has more merit which means that global culture will remain a mixture of different cultures o If you work for a big transnational corporation that corporation will operate the same way almost everywhere in the world o When it comes to other aspects in your life, ethnic religious will prevail o Most people tend to go with that argument, that those differences are too large to overcome by the forces of globalization o You end up with glocalization which combine aspects of hybridization and homogenization  Transformaiton in the last 250 years  Economies have developed as part of the great transformation  They organize production, distribution and in exchange and distributing those things and then exchanging those things for money in the modern world  For productivity  Overtimes productivity has increased enormously  In feudal era, takes a couple of workers that work the average farm that work in the west today  Family and farmer can do those things  Look how productive farming became at this time  Productivity is directly relate to wealth  The more productive and wealthy they are  Markets regulates the exchange of goods and services so you can draw on Adam Smith here  one of the first economists  Prices are determined by supply and demand  If you have for instance, low supply, you may have high demand = high prices  Staples: Canada was and still is much more than a staples economy  raw material thing such as timber, minerals, oil and fish  Canada at one time used to export thousands of cod every year  What occurs with the great transformation the division of labour increases= specialization  The more specialized work tasks in society the greater the division of labour  If you want to go back far enough in human development specialization was age and sex  Men hunted women gathered  Spcialization today is enormous even in discipline like sociology, you must specialize, develop your expertise in given area  Specialization was in the social sciences, refer to specialization  Specialization today in all walks of life have increased enormously  Three revolutions  The economy  Primary Sector  Canada used to be in early days of development used to rely on totally on the primary sector  Then up onto 1890, secondary sector d
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