Class Notes (806,684)
Canada (492,403)
Brock University (11,827)
Sociology (686)
SOCI 2P00 (7)
Montazer (5)
Lecture 4

lecture 4.docx

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Brock University

SOCI 2P10 October 22, 2012 The Family  As students: o How do you define your family? o If you’re living with roommates, are they “family”? o While you’re away from home, are you still considered part of your parents’/parent’s family?  One of the most widely cited definitions: o “A social group characterized by common residence, economic co-operation, and reproduction. It includes adults of both sexes, at least two of whom maintain a socially approved sexual relationship, and one or more children, own or adopted, of the sexually cohabitating adults”  Another definition: o “A social arrangement based on marriage and marriage contract, including recognition of the rights and duties of parenthood, common residence for husband, wife and children, and reciprocal economic obligation between husband and wife”  Excluded: o Same sex couples o Common law couples o Lone-parent families couples without children  If use narrow definition of family as including legally married heterosexual couple with children living at home = 34% of Canadian families  Understanding of what constitutes family changes over time  Definition is always expanding  Census Canada definition o 2006 – 2 definitions  1) census family – married couple (without children), common-law couple (w/o children), lone parent of any marital statuses with at least one child living in the same dwelling  2) economic family – a group of two or more persons who live in the same dwelling and are related to each other by blood, marriage, common-law or adoption  A couple may be of the opposite or same sex  Nuclear family -> other forms (e.g extended, lone, etc)  Eichler (1988) o Important aspects of the families are socialization, emotional relationships, residence, economics, sexuality, and reproduction  But not all of these have to be present for a social arrangement to be understood as a “family” SOCI 2P10 October 22, 2012 American Family Decline (Popenoe 1993)  Argues that families have lost functions, social power, and authority over their members o Smaller in size, less stable shorter life span o People are less willing to invest time, money, energy in family life o Is perturbed by the fact that nuclear family is disappearing o Believes that the nuclear family valued, and wanted to do more for its children  Family: a domestic group – a group in which people typically live together in a household and function as a cooperative uit, particularly through resources, in the pursuit of domestic activities o Has to include at least one adult and one dependent person (child, elderly, etc) o Can include single-parent, stepfamilies, non-married and homosexual couples, and all other family types in which are dependent o Decline -> the domestic group that he defines as family is failing in performing the primary functions of procreation and socialization of children  3 reasons for decline o Decreased fertility  Due to  Positive feelings toward parenthood/motherhood declining  Decrease I stigma associated with childlessness o Increased incidence and acceptance of divorce, especially among families with children  Increased divorce rate due to  Rejection of traditional roles by wives – no more housewives and weakening of economic bond – no more dependence of wife on husband  Unrealistic expectations of marriage  Changing gender roles  Rise of the “me-generation”  Secularization o Institution of marriage itself in steep decline – less people get married to begin with  Decline in rate of marriage due to  More acceptable to be an unmarried women  Traditionally marriage was understood as a “social obligation” – now: mainly a path to self-fulfillment  Marriage today: voluntary relationship that individuals can make and break at will – laws are more lax o Decline of economic interdependence between husband and wife -> wives less likely to stay in bad marriage  Problem o Blaming the victim  Unwilling to put up with bad marriage?  Uninterested in having children? SOCI 2P10 October 22, 2012  Unwilling to preserve for the children’s sake?  How about the social forces that place families at risk in the first place? [does not talk about]  The worldwide economic situation that mate it necessary for two parents to work  Is it the strain of this economic pressure independently or in conjunction to both parents working that may be weakening the marital bond?  How about the advent of technology that does not allow certain employment groups to leave work at work?  Where people better off in the past if they stayed In bad marriages? Were the children of such marriages better off?  No, women were staying in u
More Less

Related notes for SOCI 2P00

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.