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Ann Duffy (29)
Lecture 2

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Ann Duffy

SOCI 2P52 January 18, 2013 Seminar advice: a) Clear, focused and accessible question e.g. do young people today see ‘parenting’ as less central to their adult identities? The Case Against Having Children (Macleans)… why and what are the implications? Or, are families becoming smaller and what are the implications for childhood socialization and for society? b) Generate discussion – including connections to personal experiences, concrete mass media examples, other courses, other social institutions a. Keep in mind all the various agents of socialization e.g. education-teachers; sports- fathers; social media-Facebook; film, TV b. Consider all the powerful societal influences e.g. economic insecurity, high- unemployment, dual earner families, globalization, increasing racial/ethnic diversity, loss of the middle-class, immigration c. Consider diversities as well as deviant/unusual/exceptional examples of process e.g. violent fathering, fathing in single-mother families c) Provide one or two (each presenter) additional resources that address your question – explain what these articles have to say and why they are important (share the citations and brief verbal summary with seminar) d) No black/white, cut/dried answers to most questions – open discussion Structure of Presentation: a) Begin with Agenda – write it on the white board or hand out copies b) Draw together the discussion at the end with some tentative conclusions or new set of questions e.g. if this seminar is representative, many Canadians are planning to have one or no children and this will dramatically affect family life in the future DON’T 1. Read your presentation (it should be interactive) 2. Summarize the required readings (exception – a short verbal summary of additional resource) 3. Rely on laptop for youtube, etc. 4. Don’t speak softly and look down Basic Sociological Framework  Self/Identity (agency/resistance)  Roles (socialization, role conflict, etc)  Relationships  Web of Institutions – KREEMMP o Kinship, religion, education, economy, mass media, military, policies  Relationships amongst institutions (social system) (economy*)  Society – socio-historical-global context  Located in history/culture – dynamic, changing, diverse SOCI 2P52 January 18, 2013 Basic Patterns of Social Inequality a) Social class – wealthy, poor b) Gender c) Age – youth, adultism, ageism d) Immigrant/race/ethnicity e) Sexual orientation – glbtq communities f) Dis/ability Socialization Significance:  ‘making you who you are’ … how you walk, talk, the clothes you wear, your basic beliefs and values  Your overt identities (who are you?)  Your sense of self-worth/self-esteem  Your dreams, ambitions (what do I want out of life?)  Your hidden, inner life – deepest fears and desires e.g. ‘actual dreams’  Your basic sensibilities/feelings/awareness – e.g. how you experience your body, your sexuality, etc Diversities of Socialization  Primary socialization -> family  Secondary socialization o Formal (education, training)/ informal socialization (mass media) -> agents of socialization o Direct (training)/ indirect (role modelling) socialization o Anticipatory socialization (co-ops) o Self-socialization (work role) o Resocialization – therapy, religion o Conscious and unconscious socialization (e.g. parenting) Role of Power in Socialization (Foucault)  Physical – punishment, dependency, operant conditioning (least efficient)  Emotional/psychological – loyalty, humiliation, fears (of isolation) (more efficient)  Economic – refusal of economic rewards etc  Social – isolation, exclusion, bullying Links to Social Control (Macro)  e.g. laws supporting and restricting parenting  e.g laws about process of ‘teaching’ SOCI 2P52
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