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SOCI 2P95 (29)
Ann Duffy (29)
Lecture 3

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Ann Duffy

Lecture 3 Jan 25/13 Primary socialization  … foundational lessons about self, possibilities, rationality  Key to basic personal attributes (e.g. psychoanalytic perspective – pre-conscious) Secondary socialization  Social influences outside the family ***The two cannot be completely separated a) Education system o Interconnections with family 1) Enrollment 2) Attendance 3) Homework (report cards, parent-teach meetings, PTA) 4) School discipline (attendance officer, etc.) This connection is premised on a middle or upper middle class family at a particular moment in evolution of capitalist economy (e.g. social class and history create ‘context’). This is problematic when family is immigrant, non-English/French speaking, working-class, poor, non-SNAFU. b) Education is historically and culturally situated and constructed o Relatively recent advent but now part of ‘taken-for granted reality’ o Historically learned by doing, modeling o Ride of education historically rooted in class, gender, racial patterns (e.g. education as class and gender signifier – delayed and reduced access to education) o Direct and indirect socialization 1) Direct: specific skills (reading, etc. which are explicit in curricula) is key to functioning in social system 2) Indirect: a. Disciple – obedience, hierarchy, individualism b. Timeliness/punctuality/deadliness/self- control/deception/surveillance c. Competition – grading/evaluation, awards d. Dills defined in a narrow range of abilities o Historically institutionalized (state-run) education as source of obvious social control – off the streets; respectful; skilled o Formal education provided conduit to economy, military and family responsibilities (girls) o Education today  Further blurring of family/school link  Few challenges to standard class-room approach to education  Absence of alternative conceptions of ‘learning’ or ‘skill acquisition’ Lecture 3 Jan 25/13  E.g. Summerhill – 1960s (open school) – self-directed learning, non- evaluative  Home schooling is uncommon today  Taliesin West – Frank Lloyd Wright  Experiential learning – Finland – curiosity rather than curriculum-driven *All components are key to functioning in economic institution (employment) Hidden curriculum (what is not valued or visible?)  Creativity, spontaneity, co-operation, resistance and agency, physicality (docility) o Eg. Even some teachers must follow curriculum – not be spontaneous, reactive to students in class Indirect and informal socialization in education – role of peers  Foundational rationale for day care and early childhood education = learn to get along with peers; to socialize with one another  Other patterns of informal and indirect socialization are more invisible and complex Keep in mind layers
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