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SOCI 2P95 (29)
Ann Duffy (29)
Lecture 9

SOCI 2P52 Lecture 9

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Brock University
Ann Duffy

March 8/13 SOCI 2P52 - Race and Socialization 1. Race, Racism and Socialization – learning to be prejudiced - race is social construct ex. Italian, Puerto Rican, Spanish, etc. - racism is perpetuated by socialization ex. De-legitimizing of scientific perspective on “race” Societal implications of race/racism – extreme form of othering (allows individual to treat others negatively)– not-human (incapable of having the same inner experiences; lack of connection) ex. Slavery, sacrifice to relatively benign Stereotyping – reduction of “other” to cartoon image – focus on narrow, often negative traits and expectations Language (symbolic value of racial epithets) – as key ingredient in socialization – learning how to label other; negative, exclusionary; social control implications Race/racism/exclusion (spatial-segregation; social-discomfort) – cut off from social spaces (education, neighbourhoods, restaurant, resorts, etc.) – apartheid Hegemonic ideology – inferiority and/or socially undesirable social characteristics (ex. People moving in beside you; doesn’t look good) 2. New Visible Minorities/Shifting Realities Who are recent visible minorities in Canada? - Defined by Employment Equity Act as persons, other than Aboriginal peoples, who are non-Caucasian in race or non-white in colour - 2006 5.1 million visible minority members; 16% of total population; up from 1981 – 5%; expected to double to 32% in 2031 - By 2017 visible minorities will be majority in Toronto and Vancouver What evidence is there of racism/systematic racial inequality in Canada involving recent visible minorities Evidence that Race Matters in Canada a. Incarceration rates/policing practices b. Unemployment rates (higher for visible minorities; women) c. Employment segregation (visible minorities in certain types of employment; less likely to be promoted) d. Education racialization (quality of education, ex. Aboriginal’s inferior) e. Housing (including segregation; area designated as problematic; a lot of crime, etc.) f. Income levels (visible minority more likely low income) g. Mass media Discrimination – 2009 General Social Survey - 25% reported discrimination or unfair treatment during 5 preceding years vs. 13% of non-visible minority - Routinized behaviours ex. Research on call backs re: vacant when accent or “ethnic” name; job applications – similar results - Nipper tipping – anti-Asian activity (racially “charged” behaviour) Deconstruct - Difference?/significance of difference - Negative stereotypes Socialization creating “at risk” students - Carle James Students “at risk”: Stereotypes and the Schooling of Black Boys - The social construction of African Canadaian male youth as “at risk” Summary: Socialization through stereotypes (at risk) resulting in se
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