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Lecture

Participatory Action ResearchMarch 28.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCI 3P02
Professor
Sara Cumming
Semester
Winter

Description
Participatory Action Research March 28, 2013 - Next week is exam review -> only one hour - Interviews, quantitative approaches what we believe is the most important in the classroom [what works for students]) - Pedagogy o What type of information is interesting to students o What is best suited - Paulo Friere o Pedagogy of the Oppressed (1970)  Response to the traditional models of education  Teachers who just stand at the front of the room and speak at students assumed that students were just passive recipients  Argued it was an upper-class practice ^  Concerned with the number of illiterate people in the community  How can we be empowered when starting at a disadvantage  Students need to be active in their education  Dialogue  Only by allowing students to be active do we understand what students need and we can accommodate different styles o Method for empowering o Collaborative - Starts from the premise that research shouldn’t be research driven but should be collaborated with the exact people we are trying to understand - PAR seeks to empower a marginalized group those that are effected by the problem under study (participatory research) Primary tasks of PAR *** NEED TO KNOW - Uncover or produce information and knowledge that will be directly useful to a group of people - Enlighten and empower the average person in the group - Advocate for social change Relationship between researcher and researched - Collaborative - Collaborators, stake holders, co researchers - Facilitator (researchers not called researcher, but facilitator) - Collaborators work together for every single step - Who is the research for? Sitauting PAR in a research paradigm - Paradigm of praxis (Aristotle) o Art of acting upon the condition one faces in order to change them o Relies on qualitative methods o **Knowledge is derived from practice, and practice informed by knowledge  Reject the notion of researcher neutrality, most active researcher is often one who has most at stake - Positivist paradigm o Objective reality, empirical testing, ‘logical’ (quantitative) - Interpretive paradigm o Socially constructed, subjective-based reality (qualitative)  Researcher passive collector/expert interpreter o Impossible not to be biased because it is based on bias Research cycle (constantly Kurt Lewin - Action research, 1994 - Any action research involves a spiral of steps - Each with planning, action and fact finding - Several researchers have adapted to it - 1) researchers assist the stake holders to examine their situation and recognize the problem o Whatever the issues are, are important to the stake holders o The facilitators assist the stake holders in jointly formulating questions (focus group) o Stake holders are invited to a focus group (brainstorming session)
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