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Longitudinal, oral history and focus groups lecture.docx

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Print transcript for next week’s seminar Longitudinal Interviews Different styles of longitudinal interviews  In-depth interviews repeated at roughly fixed time intervals with the same people by the same research team  Retracing respondents from an earlier study originally undertaken by a different research team Advantages  Understanding participant’s perspective  Depth and detail  Answer how and why questions  Identify processes  Attention to context  Boundaries not predefined  Not a ‘snap shot’  Identify changes over time  How people change and respond to change* o Can see how, when and why the changes happened  Prospective design  Follow up themes  Tailor follow up interviews  Researcher-participant relationship develops  Access private accounts  Sensitive issues o The longer you know the interviewer the more likely you are to give more sensitive information  Establish mechanisms/processes through which an intervention did or did not work  Link micro to macro Data Collection Issues  Participant attrition o Losing participants  Researcher retention o Losing researchers, unlike to keep to same researcher interested  Follow up costs o Expensive to follow up, flying costs  Question fatigue o People get tired of answering the same questions  Burden on the participant o A lot to ask people to be that involved in someone’s life, bringing up the past  Participants’ changing circumstances o Circumstances changing, beginning fit the requirements but might not always fit them  Be ready for all possibilities  How the participant feels o Feel they were represented wrong  Gain relationships o Can’t write negatively about participants you become close with 49 up - Exam Question Advantages and disadvantages in the film  Disadvantage o Feel they were portrayed wrong o Bring up the past o Anyone can see it  Advantages o The film should that making choices can determine things throughout our life  marrying young  job loss Exam question - compare to different longitudinal studies (Sara’s and 49 up) Oral History  Academic research  Voluntary oral history projects organized by historical and cultural associations  Private oral history companies and freelance research  Government sponsored projects  Personal/family projects What are oral history interviews?  Series of unstructured, in-depth interviews about past events of one person’s life  Few questions  Interviewer and participant relationship  His/her own words Oral history interviews  Recorded o Always audio or video taped  Researcher shares transcript with participant  Participant contributes to analysis and interpretation  Interview is archived for public use Uses of oral history  Preserve oral cultures o First nations  Transmit  Preserve  Pass on o Generation to generation o Story dies if storyteller doesn’t pass it on  Marginalized people o Poor, oppressed, hated  Folklores and stories are often thought of as oral history Issues with oral histories  Getting participants o Difficult to get people to retell their life o No control of the use of information once it is posted  Obtaining
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