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Lecture 8

Lecture 8 Genocide mind map.docx

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Robert Inkoom

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Relevant Quotations: Genocide - “We are not going to leave a single one of What is it? them alive, down to the babies in their  Raphael Lemkin (father of genocide) Genocide: a crime with a name. mothers’ wombs – not even they must live. - Genos = tribe, race; cide = killing - Winston Churchill The whole people must be wiped out of - The destruction of a nation/ethnic group existence, and none be left to think of them  UN: convention on the prevention and and shed a tear” (King Agamemnon – Prince punishment of genocide Pathways to Genocide: Stanton (1996, 1998) and later King of Greece) - Killing members of a group - Classification - “Men must either be caressed or else - Causing serious bodily/mental harm  Division of “us” against “them” annihilated; they will revenge themselves for - Deliberate physical destruction - Symbolization small injuries, but cannot do so for great - Measures to prevent birth ones; the injury therefore that we do to a - Forcibly transfer children  Identify by dress, name, colours - Dehumanization man must be such that we need not fear his  Genocide Scholars:  Deny humanity; seen as sub- vengeance” (Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince, - R.J Rummel (1994) human 1952:37) - V. Dadrian (2004) - C. Barnes (2005) - Organization  Planning, logistics, coordination - Polarization Rwandan Genocide: Causes of Genocide  Prevent social-cultural - Domestic: interaction - Ref: Magnarella (2005) “Background and - Perpetrators Causes of Genocide in Rwanda” - Preparation - Socio-political relationships in the history of  Authorization, Routinization, Dehumanization  Identify/segregate victims; Rwanda is important in understand the 1994 - Victims make list genocide  Scapegoating - Extermination - Bystander - 3 broad categories of killings  Killing en mass begins -  Combatants killing combatants  Political apathy, passivity genocide  Hutu, military killing moderate Hutu - International: - Denial  Hutu killing Tutsi - Predators  Conceal evidence; deny wrong  Support given by foreign states doing Socio-political Relations: - Victims - Pre-colonial Rwanda  Diffusion of counterinsurgency doctrine Woolf and Hulsizer (2005) - Colonial Rwanda - Bystander  Negative attitudes toward out- - Transformation of Independence  Doctrine of non-interference group - The Second Republic  Loss of privilege - The Arusha Accord  Loss of civil rights - Assassination and Genocide  Isolation - Causes of Rwandan Genocide  Loss of human rights  Loss of existence
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