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sociology lecture 2

Course Code
Sara Cumming

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Lecture One
What is sociology?
What do sociologists do?
What is your "sociological imagination?
The origins of sociology
Sociology is the systematic study of human groups and their interactions
Social perspective refers to the unique way in which sociologists see out world and can dissect and
dynamic relationships between individuals and the larger social networks in which we all live
Social location where people are located in a particular society ( race, class, gender, jobs, income,
The sociological imagination.
Developing an appreciation of how individual challenges are influenced b larger social forces
Personal troubles result from individual challenges
Social issues are caused by larger social factors
Example: Poverty - individual problem
The trick is in understanding how these personal troubles may indeed by due to larger social
Quality of mind refers to ones ability to look beyond personal circumstance and into social context
Our personality is shaped b our society rather than from our genetics
Charles Wright Mills
Seeing general in the particular is the ability to look at seemingly unique events (particular) and
then recognizing the larger (general) features involved.
Think about what is familiar and see it as strange. (vice versa) To look from fresh eyes
Peter Berger
Minority status
Gender - Males and females have difference experiences in all domains of life
Socioeconomic status
Family structure
Urban rural differences -small town and big city have different experiences in life
Our perception of ourselves, and others are the products o f many factors, for example:
Engaging your sociological imagination
How these factors such as these affected the person you have become today?
Stresses the social contexts in which people live.
Forces us to go beyond ourselves or individual actions.
Things aren't often what they seem to be
It allows us to understand how our own experiences are linked to a range of social forces
A sociological perspective
Auguste comte (the father of socio) hard science should be applied to the social world
The sciencetific revolution: (1650-1800)
Theological (longest period) - religious outlook, the world is an expression of God
(enlightening period)
Enlightment (Science not God)
Law of 3 stages
The historical development of Sociology
Introduction to Sociology
Wednesday, September 21, 2011
3:46 PM
Sociology Page 1
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