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Lecture 5

SOCI 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Social Group, Erving Goffman, Resocialization

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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCI 1F90
Professor
Nancy Cook
Lecture
5

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Socialisation
Functionalism (US, mid-twentieth century)
The lifelong process through which we learn the values,roles and expected patterns of
behaviour appropriate to particular social groups in society
How individuals learn to live together in a ordered way to produce a coherent society
“Appropriate” varies across:
Time
Place
Social group
Society
The process of socialisation will not change, even if the values themselves do
A two way process
Individuals learn to live together in an ordered way to produce “society”
Society then influences how people's character and behaviour develops
Vital for
Producing and maintaining society
The wellbeing of members
The Importance of Socialisation
Genie
Feral Children
1970 California
Incapacities due to lack of socialisation
Didn't learn to be human
Her lack of socialisation changed the way her brain worked
Agents of Socialisation
Family
Education
Peer Groups
Mass Media
Socialisation Occurs by:
Action
Direct and intentional
Indirect and accidental
Level
Blatant
Subtle ( Sleeping Beauty; A woman's’ worth is achieved after approval from a
man)
Most often indirect and accidental, and conveyed subtly
Emulating behavior
How are individuals integrated into the social system?
How Can this process be perpetuated so a stable society is maintained?
Norms
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