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Lecture 6

SOCI 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Erving Goffman, The Beauty Myth, Femininity

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Sara Cumming

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Introducon to Sociology
Gender, Chapter 8
Oct 28 2015
Gender Roles: Some Changes
Interseconal Analysis
Gender and Sex
Irving Go$man
Beauty Myth
Beauty is Femininity
Beauty Myth & Hegemony
Emphasized Femininity
Adversing: Turning Women into Objects
Violence against Women
Hegemonic Masculinity
Gender Roles: Some Changes
1950s - women’s social roles were those of wives and mothers. In contrast men were providers and the
head of the household.
1970s - social roles changed. The belief women should marry and work exclusively in the home was
eroding. Men were becoming more involved in household maintenance and childrearing and more
women were joining paid labour force
1990s – social roles changed yet again. Women and men more likely to share domes'c responsibili'es
and both likely to do paid labour.
A changed world does not mean an equal world
Interseconal Analysis
The simultaneous in4uence of mulple social relaons, including race, gender, ethnicity and class.
Gender and race, ethnicity, class, sexuality all work in shaping social outcomes. For example:
racially marginalized women are exposed to greater dangers in the workforce as a result of
their marginaliza'on in low-paying, insecure jobs.
Gender and Sex
Gender refers to the social meanings associated with being a man or a woman,
Sex refers to the biological characteris'cs of men and women.
For sociologists, gendered social meanings are constructed from social relaons.
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