SOCI 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Erving Goffman, The Beauty Myth, Femininity
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Introducon to Sociology
Gender, Chapter 8
Oct 28 2015
•Gender Roles: Some Changes
•Gender and Sex
•Beauty is Femininity
•Beauty Myth & Hegemony
•Adversing: Turning Women into Objects
•Violence against Women
Gender Roles: Some Changes
1950s - women’s social roles were those of wives and mothers. In contrast men were providers and the
head of the household.
1970s - social roles changed. The belief women should marry and work exclusively in the home was
eroding. Men were becoming more involved in household maintenance and childrearing and more
women were joining paid labour force
1990s – social roles changed yet again. Women and men more likely to share domes'c responsibili'es
and both likely to do paid labour.
A changed world does not mean an equal world
The simultaneous in4uence of mulple social relaons, including race, gender, ethnicity and class.
Gender and race, ethnicity, class, sexuality all work in shaping social outcomes. For example:
•racially marginalized women are exposed to greater dangers in the workforce as a result of
their marginaliza'on in low-paying, insecure jobs.
Gender and Sex
•Gender refers to the social meanings associated with being a man or a woman,
•Sex refers to the biological characteris'cs of men and women.
•For sociologists, gendered social meanings are constructed from social relaons.
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