Many argue economy is the basis of many other aspects in culture. How we look at economic systems is in terms of how people make a living cross culturally, how people make goods, how products are consumed and how cultures exchange goods. Cultural materialists argue that the economic baseboard shapes other aspects of society and culture. When looking at culture and society start by looking at the economy. That idea is often attributed to karl marx and friedrich engels. According to them, the mode of production was the base of. Wallerstein: talked about an emerging world economy as early as the 16th century. By the 19th century and already very interconnected global economy. This is a mode of production that has been dominant for 90% of human history. By the 1900"s only . 001% of humanity were no longer foraging. Approximately only 250, 000 people rely on it today.