Soc2p00 week 2 (emergence of capitalism 1500) 1600 1700. Smith 1723-1790: comte this is when soc. Week 2: the emergence of soc: understand something about the history and emergence of capitalism and science and why sociology emerged as a distinctive approach to understanding human society in this era. As source of knowledge the established rc church came under pressure: crusades 1096 and 1291. The emergence of western science: you should know something of the transition from feudalism to capitalism. Aquinas (1225-1274) as working to legitimize hierarchical society including subjugation of women. )n the (cid:498))ntroduction(cid:499) thomson discusses traditional medieval society : thomson also covers the emergence of science and (cid:494)visionaries of the new order - hobbes, locke and smith (more below) 1492- columbus sailed the ocean blue (colonialism begins to emerge) In short western europe was shaking off centuries of tradition, acceptance, Feudalism: church as authority, divine laws, limited knowledge, tradition, acceptance, faith, community.