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Lecture 4

SOCI 2P11 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Operationalization, Face Validity, Convergent Validity

Course Code
Dennis Wall

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Monday, October 1 Quantitative and qualitative measurement and sampling
Readings: Neuman/Robson, chapters 6 & 7
Due: Assignment 1
Steps from Research Statement (RS) to Hypothesis (3 steps)
Independent Variable Dependent Variable
Step 1 [RS Conceptual hypothesis]:
Hypothetical Causal
Conceptualization Conceptualization Level of
Step 2 [RS Conceptual definition]:
Operationalization Operationalization Operational
Step 3 [RS Empirical hypothesis]:
Tested Empirical Empirical
Hypothesis Level
1. step1: Abstract construct: Conceptual Development of RS
2. step 2: Conceptual Definition: Operational definition of concepts in RS
3. step 3: Indicators and/or Measures Empirical definition of operational definitions of RS
1. [Step 1] This study examines the relationship between occupational categories and type
of sexual harassment endured by women
a. the concepts are occupational categories and sexual harassment
b. the relationship between the two concepts is that women will endure more sexual
harassment in some types of occupations as compared to other types of
Abstract construct
Abstract construct
Conceptual Definition
Indicator or Measure
Conceptual Definition
Indicator or Measure

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Conceptual definition
2. [Step 2] My definitions of the two concepts are the following:
a. occupational categories are conceptualized as:
i. primary occupations
ii. secondary occupations
iii. tertiary occupations
b. sexual harassment is conceptualized as the following:
i. visual
ii. verbal
iii. written
iv. power
v. force
Indicators and measures
3. [Step 3] My empirical hypothesis is:
Occupational category determines the types of sexual harassment experienced by
--specifically stated, the hypothesis is that:
There exists a positive relationship between working in the secondary sector and
experiencing all types of sexual harassment
--here we have simply included a greater degree of specification
The independent variable is the secondary sector
The dependent variable is types of sexual harassment experienced
a. The indicators of my independent variable, occupational category, are the
i. primary occupations are operationalized as all occupations in the natural
resource sector including fishing, farming, mining, timber, and petroleum
ii. secondary occupations are operationalized as all occupations in the
manufacturing sector including automobile and machinery production, food
processing, commercial and residential construction, electronics, and
household wares.
iii. tertiary occupations are operationalized as all occupations in the service
sector including health care, teaching, tourism, administration, human
resources, and consulting.
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