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TREN 2P26- jan 13.docx

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Brock University
Tourism Management

TREN 2P26- Nature-Based Tourism: Jan 13/14 The Nature of Tourism Leisure Continuum- Connection between home leisure, recreation and tourism and where it occurs (no overnight stay=home based, staying >24hrs=domestic or international tourism) Tourism- 4 perspectives 1. Tourist: seeks psychic or physical experiences, Seeks satisfaction, Determines destination and activities 2. Businesses Providing Tourist Goods/Services: Tourism is an opportunity to make money, Supply goods and services that tourist demands 3. Government of the Host Community/Area: Tourism viewed as adding wealth to an economy, Income for citizens, Foreign exchange receipts 4. The Host Community: Seen as a cultural and employment factor, beneficial or harmful interaction with visitors What is Tourism? • Travel vs. Tourism -movement of people -industry or economic sector -system of interacting relationships • Tourism vs. Tourist -Conceptual definition: identify essential characteristics -Technical definitions: used to measure tourism • Conceptualization of Tourism: -Movement of people to and their stay in, various destinations - (1) journey to the destination, (2) the stay and activities -occurs outside normal place of residence/work -activities are different from those living/working in travelled area -journey/stay is temporary and short-term (i.e., days, weeks, months) -purpose other than permanent residence or employment • Technical Definition of Tourism: -Purpose of travel (e.g. business, holiday, VFR) -Min. of 24 hours away from home/time at destination -Max. of less than one year -When tourists are not classified as tourists (cruise-ship passengers, people in transit, excursionists- <24 hours stay) • International Tourism: -Inbound tourism: visits a country by non-residents -Outbound tourism: visits by residents to another country • Internal Tourism: -Visits by residents within their own countries • Domestic Tourism: -internal tourism plus inbound tourism • National Tourism: -Internal tourism plus outbound tourism Components of Tourism • Natural Resources: -Physiography- nature& appearance of landscape -Climate- weather over time (heat, cold, moisture, dryness, etc) -People- destination residents& current/potential visitors • The Built Environment: -Culture- host regions culture -Infrastructure- services tourists and residents (e.g., water supply, sewage, etc) -Superstructure- meets the need and wants of tourists (e.g., airports, roads, parking lots, restaurants, attractions, ect) 5 Key Aspects of Tourism Supply (Operating Sector) • tour operators& intermediaries • attractions& activities • accommodation • transportation • other facilities& services • nature resources& env • built environment • spirit of hospitality Systems Approach to Tourism • Why? -tourism is multidisciplinary -can accommodate different perspectives -highlights the inter-related nature of tourism • What is a System? -“a set of elements or parts that are connected to each other by at least one distinguishing principle” (Page and Connell, 2006, p.9) -tourism connects the many components in the system • Leiper (1990): 5 Elements of a Tourism System -tourist -traveller-g
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