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TMGT 2P26 (4)
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TREN 2P26- feb 10.docx

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Brock University
Tourism Management

TREN 2P26- Nature-Based Tourism: Feb 10/14 Environmental Management & Tourism Policy Tourism Policy: • guidelines that help an agency in the process of planning the tourism industry Development Strategies • constitute the means by which resources are used to meet the objectives defined Tourism Policy Functions 1. define rules for operators 2. defines activities and behaviours for visitors 3. provides common direction for destination stakeholders 4. facilitates consensus around objectives and strategies 5. provides framework for public/private dialogue 6. Allows tourism to interface more effectively with other sectors of economy Areas Addressed by Tourism Policy 1. Foreign travel rules 2. Marketing practices 3. Union and labour regulations 4. Industry image and credibility 5. Environmental practices and regulations 6. Transportation access and infrastructure 7. Nature and direction of product development and maintenance 8. Financing for tourism sector—sources and terms 9. Taxation—types and levels 10. Role of tourism within overall socio-economic development of the destination Whale Watching Within Canada • Number of trips/vessels affecting beluga behaviour • Called for stricter control policies -restriction of number of operators -enforcement of low speeds -appropriate conduct around beluga pods 1. Stay 100 meters away 2. Familiar with Canadian Fisheries Act 3. Slow down half a mile before whales 4. Approach whales slowly at all times 5. From front, STOP and allow whales to come to you 6. Remain outside, travel in direction and speed of whales 7. Do no abruptly alter speed or course 8. Never drive through middle of pods 9. Avoid feeding whales 10. Rotate visits to pods by operators 11. Do not leap-frog Tourism Planning vs. Tourism Policy • Differences: -policy= big picture; planning= the details -policy= creative, intellectual process; planning= constrained practical exercise -policy= long term, strategic emphasis; planning= restrictive in time horizon -policy formation must allow for unknowns; planning assumes status quo, with some room for adaptive change -policy formation emphasizes determination of “what” should be done in long-term development; planning tends to emphasize the “how” for achievement of specific destination goals Regulation • An agency given the authority to regulate the actions of businesses within its jurisdiction • Includes laws, licences, permits and standards • Big stick method -different than codes of ethics (voluntary) Environmental Auditing • “a management tool designed to evaluate how well organizations [management and equipment] are performing towards the safeguarding of the environment through various environmental practices and policies” • Do operators tend to favour regulation or self-regulation? -unless required by law, s
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