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VISA 1Q99 (13)


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Brock University
Visual Arts
Kristin Patterson

Romanesque: Roman “look”. -something new and original -solid walls, beral vault -examples found across Europe -prevalent -built on recognizable forms -modules, focused on principals -major cultural factor -larger space to accommodate -important destination -body of st. james lies here View of Interior, Durham Cathedral, England, c. 1087-1133: -support weight -activeness in Romanesque structural system -gothic style -grew into a fortified complex with a castle, cathedral, monetary, and village -interior decoration (shevrons and diamond patterns) -secular and religious power Gislebertus, The Last Judgement, west portal, Cathedral of Saint-Lazare, c. 1120-1130: -portal sculpture -”jambs” supporting posts above door -”archivolts”: molding or blocks -”trumeau”: central supporting post -message sent when you first walk in -depicts the last judgement -Christ depiction, strange placement -to left, redeemed ascending to heaven, grabbing angels wings -latin inscription -rising figures from tomb -elegant suface design, st. peter guards gateway to heaven -message to pilgrims: “you will be saved, redeemed” -on right, purgatory, archangel to be redeemed; walking up from graves -depiction of fate, glory or punishment The Magi Asleep, capitol from choir, Cathedral of St. Lazare, c. 1125: -two capitals -decorative forms, lively narrative Chortres Cathedral, 1145-1220: -pointed, rather than rounded -openness in space -flying buttresses, lightness or flight, vertical illusion -deep, rich colors -4 point elevation, enlargement of panes of glass -emphasis on the linear -not massive Carpenter’s Guild Signature Window, early 13th Century: -important location -competency of French stain glassed artists Scenes from Genesis in the Good Samaritan Window, nave aisle, Chartres, c. 1200- 1210: -helps someone in need -more lifelikeness (humans in a dance-like pose) Rose Window, north transept, c. 1230-5: -always in groups of 3 or 12 -in centre, Mary with Christ set on lap -joins old and new testaments -draws on symbolism, king as patron -3 stories of elevation: more light flowing through -put together with limited technology -view of clear story and vault -built on elevated site -late Romanesque and new Gothic -new elements added over time -3 sections, portal -elements traded through styles -3 arches (similar to Constantine) -biblical passage/reference -lintel element, surface pattern -winged drapery, Christ is frontal Jamb Statues from Royal Portal, (right side of central portal), Chartres, c. 1145: -associated with Byzantine and Romanesque art -individualized -facial expression -increased naturalism Reims Cathedral, west facade, 1230’s-60, towards mid 15th century: -natural representation -less stylized elements -3 portals instead of one -high gothic (windows) -41m in height, very extraordinary
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