Egypt literally means the gift of the nile . People dammed up the nile to control water flow. Palette of narmer, c. 2950-2775 bce: early dynastic period. Egypt is controlled by pharaohs, who have control of everything. Kingship was a divine state, so they were on par with gods. Goddess maat is a woman with an ostrich feather. Narmer is in the center, he is the largest figure, the most important. Palette is a flat stone and on the reverse has a circular depression in the center. Used for grinding black pigment which was cosmetic. Narmer has one raised arm and is holding the hair of the individual in front of him, which is a sign of submission for the individual. Head tends to be in profile, and the center part of the body is frontally placed. We know this is narmer because his name appears at the top in pictographs.