VISA 1Q99 Lecture Notes - Ancient Greek Temple, Archaic Smile, Doryphoros
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VISA 1P90 Oct. 3, 2011
1. A formal analysis is a specific type of visual description.
2. You are writing about what you see.
3. Ask yourself how the visual elements: forms, shapes, expressions, posture,
colors/shadows, lines, textures, technical aspects, and arrangement make meaning in
4. A formal analysis is not only a description but a description with interpretation or
5. You must have a thesis-your descriptive analysis must argue your thesis.
Refer to Barnet, “A Short Guide to Writing About Art” Chapter 3 pages 46-48.
Romans conquered Greeks, but thought of Greek art as superior to other lands.
Romans tended to copy original Greek works. Romans tended to use similar
architecture to the Greeks.
Etruscans established city around Florence. It is mysterious what the origin of these
people is. It is not clear that they came over land from another place. They were a
strong military society and able to defend boundaries until they fought the Romans.
Apollo, from the Temple of Minerva, Portenaccio, Veii, c. 510-500 BCE: Thought to be
sculpted by a man named Vulva, this is unconfirmed. This is certainly reminiscent of
Greek sculpture and the Archaic smile. The main difference between them is that he is
fully clothed. The Etruscans did not put sculptures in the pediment, it went on the roof
line. Stylized elements in the drapery and the hair. The pose is more dynamic than in
Greek sculptures. Terra cotta would give more possibilities than bronze or marble.
Etruscan burial chambers were like a home - pots, pans, etc. It was made to be very
Sarcophagus, from Cerveteri, c. 520 BCE: A center for Etruscan tombs. The Sarcophagi
seem real, everyday life. He has his arm around her, would have had a terra cotta glass
to have a drink. Could be a banquet for the deceased or a depiction of daily life.
Stylization of the hair, much like Egyptian art. Lower body is underdeveloped. The focus
is on the upper body. Greece tended to be a unified culture, whereas Rome was a
melting pot of different societies. 476 BCE was the fall of Rome.
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