Masaccio, frescoes at brancacci chapel, florence, 1427: private chapel. They do not want to pay taxes, but christ is advising them to pay taxes, because it is proper to pay him. Figures are modeled in a new way, light to dark . Modeling them not through line but through shadows. There is no hierarchy here, christ is not much larger than any of the other figures. Architectural elements have a sense of space and mimic the influence of brunoleschi?. More of an expression on figures faces trying to convey the important elements of the story. Detail, expulsion from eden: adam and eve leaving the garden of eden. They cast shadows on the ground behind them. Agony, regret, remorse all conveyed through their faces. Sandro botticelli, birth of venus, c. 1484-86: this is a philosophy that believes if you contemplate something beautiful, it has the ability to raise your mind to a spiritual place.