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Lecture 13

WGST 1F90 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Neoliberalism, Equal Pay For Equal Work, Gender Pay Gap

Women's and Gender Studies
Course Code
Jenny Janke

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Intro to Women and Gender Studies WGST 1F90
Week 13
Non-Standard work
Employment situations that differ from the traditional model of a stable, full-time job.
Work that differs from the standard is described in several different ways, “non-standard” and
‘contingent’ being two commonly used terms.
o Neo-liberalism
o Globalization
Under the standard employment model, a worker has one employer, works full year, full time
on the employer’s premises, enjoys extensive statutory benefits and entitlements, and expects
to be employed indefinitely.
Employment insecurity is an essential aspect of the definition of non-standard work.
Precarious employment can be related as a type of total employment.
“Non-standard” is used widely in Canada and “contingent in the United States.
Shift to the “gig” economy picking up jobs as you go.
o Precarious because the work has so little benefits to go with it.
o Little security.
o Half of Canadians who are working are working in precarious work.
o Not sure how long the job or schedule will last.
o Finding work becomes a full-time job.
o Uncertainty is very difficult.
o 50% of insecure workers are middle-class households.
o Biggest stress is money.
o People do think twice about starting relationships and families due to precarious work.
o Permanent jobs with benefits is fading fast.
o Canada needs to update and bridge programs to help people such as training and employment
o Having to start over in new careers is difficult.
Labour union movement.
Era when full-time secure work is scarce.
“Man of many jobs but little stability.
Rely on a series of temporary employment or self-employment.
2,000,000 (22%) precarious workers in Canada.
No pension or job security.
Greater protection needed for workers in the precarious sector.
Union success for traditional workers will help independent workers as well.
Rapidly and fundamentally changing economy.
Stable employment very difficult to find.
o More Canadians facing part-time jobs and low wages.
o Economic “buzzword” of the day…precarious.’
o Uncertainty or lack of job security.
o Underemployed.
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