WISE 2P86 2011 Spring Chapter 5

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Wage gap or gender gap has significant consequences to the economic security of women and families. Women earn about 80 cents for every dollar a man makes. Reducing wage gap requires moving more women to non-traditional jobs, opportunities for occupational mobility and reducing wage discrimination. Traditionally women tended to be concentrated in office and administrative support and service occupations. Men are considerably more likely to be in |blue collar occupations at 36. 1% of men opposed to. Many of the jobs in the professional category are either predominantly female or predominately male. By 2003, women constituted more than 20% of workers in such formerly highly male occupations. To assess the magnitude of differences in the distribution of women and men across occupational categories, use the index of segregation. It gives the percentage of female (or male) workers who would have to change jobs in order for the occupational distribution of the two groups to be the same.

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