Class Notes (838,343)
Canada (510,861)
Brock University (12,137)
WGST 1F90 (178)
Jenny Janke (157)
Lecture 12

WGST 1F90 Lecture 12: Reproduction

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Women's and Gender Studies
Jenny Janke

Reproduction A Very Brief History of the Big Little Pill: • Oral contraceptive was introduced in May 1950 • The 1950’s: a time of very little choice for women • The pill was initially marketed for “cycle control:”; socially, legally, and politically, contraception was taboo • In Canada, under the 1892 Criminal code any discussion of birth control was illegal and was considered obscene • Illegal to discuss contraception or prescribe the pill for contraception until 1969, when the Canadian parliament decriminalized contraception • Only married women could be prescribed the pill for birth control • Physicians could prescribe hormones for any reason other than birth control (eg. menstrual irregularity). If they prescribed the pill for birth control they were breaking the law • Safety concerns were raised as early as 1934 • Public trust of medicine was shattered by the self-determination envisioned in the feminist movement • Public trust in the medical world was shaken again in 1974 by the dangers discovered after marketing the Dalkon Shield intrauterine device • Implants were on the market in Canada only from 1991 to 2000 Key Terms: • Politics of the body. • Reproductive Justice. • Sexual Sterilization Act. • Unsafe Abortion. • Bill C-150. • Morgentaler Decision. Introduction: • The issue of reproduction must be broadened; more than abortion and birth control; the politics of the body • Politics of the body: the right of wo/men to control their own bodies within a variety of contexts: social, legal and medical and political. • Denying women the right to control their own bodies is a denial of basic rights • The politics of the body has been central to feminism and the achieving rights for women and girls Reproductive Justice: • The right to have children, not have children, and to parent the children we have in safe and healthy environments • Human right to make personal decisions about one’s life, and the obligation of government and society to ensure that the conditions are suitable for implementing one’s decisions • A shift for women from a narrower focus on legal access and individual choice to a broader analysis of racial, economic, cultural, and structural constraints on our power. • RJ addresses the social reality of inequality, specifically, the inequality of opportunities that we have to control our reproductive destiny • Options for making choices have to be safe, affordable and accessible Reproductive Justice: • RJ emerged from groups representing women colour and indigenous women; has gone further by addressing inequalities in access, advocating for health service provision to traditionally marginalized communities. Embodied Subject: • Gaining control over our own bodies has been a central concern of the women’s movement. • We are embodied subjects and we are confronted by this embodiment daily. • Wide range of fronts women have struggled to regain or maintain control over their bodies. o State o Medical establishment o Institutionalised o Pharmaceutical companies o Advertisers o Pornography o Institutionalized censorship o Violence • Control over our bodies’ reproductive capacities has been close to the centre of feminism • Reproductive capacities are not just stopping/preventing pregnancy, but achieving pregnancy/reproduction • Roach Pierson writes, “for example, women with disabilities and lesbians have had to fight for the right to have or adopt a baby. Race, poverty, disability and/or unmarried status can rend women vulnerable to involuntary sterilization” (1995, p. 102). • Evident is the assumption that only a married, heterosexual, able bodied white woman is the ideal mother. • Canada has a history of sterilizing those women seen unfit to be mother and men unfit to father • Women, first nations, young and those with mental/physical differences were disproportionately sterilized • March 21, 1928, sexual sterilization act. • Forced sterilization of inmates in mental hospitals as well as extending to those deemed “unfit to procreate” • Consent was not always obtained by the victims/patients. The Sterilization of Leilani Muir (NFB): Answer the following questions as we watch the film: 1. Who were potential targets of the Alberta government’s Forced Sterilization Act of 1928? (Pay attention to: race, class, ability). 2. History and role of eugenics theory in Alberta’s official policy of forced sterilization: 3. Eugenics & forced sterilization in the US (year, impetus, support, im
More Less

Related notes for WGST 1F90

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.