Class Notes (836,991)
Canada (510,026)
Brock University (12,126)
WGST 2P86 (12)

WISE 2P86 2011 Spring Chapter 7

5 Pages
Unlock Document

Women's and Gender Studies
Indra Hardeen

Chapter 7Two important rationales for government intervention to combat discrimination to increase efficiency and reduce inequityLabour Market discriminationExists when two equally qualified individuals are treated differently solely on the basis of their gender race age disability etcIn the absence of discrimination profit maximizing employers in a competitive labour market pay workers in accordance with their productivityOne view inequality occurs because women are paid less than their marginal productAnother view discrimination directly lowers womens productivity as well as their pay because they could be denied training programsOr when customers are reluctant to patronize a female salespersonIf discrimination lowers the returns to such human capital investments women are less likely to undertake themThis is the indirect or feedback effect of discriminationFeedback effectLabour market discrimination may adversely affect womens own decisions and behaviourMuch of the research on discrimination has focused on the direct effects on pay or occupational differences between equally wellqualified men and womenWage gap virtually all studies on earnings differences find that a substantial portion of the pay gap cannot be explained by gender differences in qualificationsThe variables considered include indicators of human capital that is those relating to education and experience as well as measures of occupation industry and union statusWomens lesser amount of labour market experience is found to be a significant determinant of the gender wage differential explaining 11 of the gender gap in wagesGender differences in occupation and industry are substantial and help to explain a considerable portion of the gender wage gapThe actual unadjusted gender wage ratio is 80 that is womens wages are on average 80 of mens wagesThe adjusted ratio if women has the same human capital characteristics would rise to 91Studies found that the pay gap between men and women at the beginning of their careers was small but 15 years later women graduates earned only 60 as much as menQ What are the consequences of occupational segregation
More Less

Related notes for WGST 2P86

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.