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WGST 2P86 (12)
Lecture

WISE 2P86 2011 Spring Chapter 10

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Department
Women's and Gender Studies
Course
WGST 2P86
Professor
Indra Hardeen
Semester
Summer

Description
Chapter 10 Changing work roles and the familyThe determining factor in decisions concerning family issues such as marriage divorce and fertility is whether the benefits exceed the costsMarriage is encouraged by a number of factors it makes possible the specialization and exchange that potentially increase the couples productivity and economic wellbeingAs women have been acquiring more joboriented education and training their market productivity has increased relative to their home productivityFrom this perspective rising female labour force participation is expected to result in lower marriage ratesThis is women are no longer pressured to choose between employment on the one hand and marriage on the otherWorking in the same direction some sociologists argue that some men may prefer women who can make a larger contribution to family incomeAnother factor receiving quite a bit of attention as possibly affecting trends in marriage rates is the role of income support available outside of marriage such as welfareDramatic liberalization in attitudes toward divorce cohabitation and sex outside of marriage beginning in the 1960s and 1970s more unmarried peopleThe evidence suggests the factors causing marriage rates to fall the rapid entry of women into the labour market and the liberalization of social attitudesAmong traditional married couples the interdependence of husband and wife due to specialization and exchange is probably the single most important economic deterrent to divorceTherefore womens improved economic opportunities will tend to increase the propensity to divorceAs the traditional division of labour breaks down the economic incentives for remaining married are reducedWe would observe a positive relationship between womens employment and divorce but it is not a casual relationshipPostpone marriage may promote marital stability to the extent that couples who get married at older ages are less likely to break upOne problem with divorce is that it leaves fulltime homemakers and their children particularly vulnerable For children family disruption creates potentially unfavourable effects on their future development including reduced educational attainment and wages teen pregnancyCustody one concern centres on the usual presumption that the mother should automatically be given custody preference and that the father especially when not married to the mother of the child has few rights
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