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Lecture 10

ANTH 1001 Lecture 10: Week 10

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Carleton University
ANTH 1001
Donna Patrick

Chapter 11 Alienation the deep separation that individuals experience between their innermost sense of identity and the labour they are forced to perform in order to survive Anomie a pervasive sense of rootlessness and normlessness Biopower power held by a modern government over the bodies of its individual citizens and over the bodies of its individual citizens and over the body of all its citizens Consensus an agreement to which all parties collectively give their assent Domination coercive rule Essentially negotiable concepts culturally recognized concepts that evoke a wide range of meanings and whose relevance in any particular context must be negotiated Free agency the freedom of selfcontained individuals to pursue their own interests above everything else and to challenge one another for dominance Governmentality the art of governing appropriate to promoting the welfare of populations win a state Hegemony a system of leadership in which rulers persuade subordinates to accept the ideology of the dominant group by offering mutual accommodations that nevertheless preserve the rulers privileged position Persuasion power based on verbal argument Political anthropology the study of social and political power in human society Political power social power held by a group that is in a position to affect the lives of many people Power transformative capacity; the ability to transform a given situation Resistance the power to refuse being forced against ones will to confirm to someone elses wishes Social organization the patterning pf human interdependence in a given society through the actions and decisions of its members Social power the ability to transform a situation that affects and entire social group Varieties of social organization Lewis Morgan urged anthros to pay attention to the arts of subsistence but problems arose when he saw differences in ways of life that didnt connect w differences in ways of making a living In his scheme of ethnical stages, barbarians and civilized people relied on farming and herding and used similar tech. What made them different from each other was the who did what, how, and for whom differed from one another in terms of social organization The search for the laws of social organization Western thinkers have always searched for inflexible laws of society that would explain diffs in social organization in a nonarbitrary (precise) way Biological determinists biological processes operating deep win humans force them to actin in some ways and forbid them from acting in other ways Other thinkers sims and diffs in social org. are due to adaptations to particular ecological conditions
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