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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 1001
Professor
Marie- Eve Carrier- Moisan
Semester
Fall

Description
ANTH 1001 A Sept 25 2013 How The Concept of Race and Evolution Play a Role in Anthropology Cline: Biology, the gradual change in certain characteristics exhibited by members of a  series of adjacent populations of the same species Keyword: Gradual The Great Chain of Being ­The ways in which Christians of the Western world perceived the world in the 18th  century ­Assumed that Earth had not changed since its creation by God ­Categorized by a fixed, hierarchical order Darwin and Evolution ­Influenced by Lyell and his findings, wrote The Origin of Species, his theory on  evolution ­Natural Selection: “The complex process of adaptation to change in the physical  environment, which depends, on its most basic level, on reproduction and variability” – Lassiter ­For an organism to adapt to a changing environment, it first needs biological  diversity and the capacity to reproduce ­Evolution is not the same as progress (not all changes are positive) ­Survival of the Fittest: “The idea that human social progress results from more fit  human societies” –Herbert Spencer Social Evolution ­“Evolutionism” or “unilineal evolution” ­“Idea that all human ways of life pass through a similar sequence or stage of  development” –Lassiter ­E.g. Lewis Henry Morgan: savagery­>barbarism­>civilization ­Gave rise to systems of classifications ordering races from highest to lowest 1­ White Europeans 2­ Indigenous and some Asian populations 3­ Africans and darker skins on the bottom Social Darwinism ­A form of social evolution, but it further “holds that so­called savages are not just  technologically or materially inferior, but mentally or biologically as well” –Lassiter ­Draws on the notion of “survival of the fittest” and has an important effect on ideas  about “race” as inferior/superior and as natural kinds History of Racial Classifications ­Ancient views of human variations ≠ b
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