Class Notes (836,517)
Canada (509,851)
Biology (1,140)
BIOL 1010 (90)

John B. Watson

2 Pages
Unlock Document

BIOL 1010
Amanda Helleman

John B. Watson replaced introspection, investigations on learning in animals became the dominant focus of psychology which switched from thinking to learning. behaviourism can be defined as an approach that focuses on observable behaviour rather than on consciousness. Three types of learning:  Classical conditioning: o (Pavlov), unconditioned stimulus; a stimulus elicits a response with no prior learning. o Unconditioned response: the response elicited by an unconditioned stimuli. o Conditioned stimulithe conditioned stimulus is previously neutral stimulus that, after becoming associated with the unconditioned stimulus, eventually comes to trigger a conditioned response. o Conditioned response: the conditioned response is the learned response to the previously neutral stimulus. o Extinction: refers to the lowering of the probability of a response when a characteristic reinforcing stimulus is no longer presented.  Classical conditioning could instil pathological fear.  Operant Conditioning: o (Thorndike), law of effect: behaviour that is followed by satisfying consequences will be repeated and behaviour that is followed by unpleasant consequences will be discouraged (first called instrumental learning) o Skinner introduced operant conditioning, applied to behaviour that operates on the environment. He reformulated the law of effect by shifting the focus from the linking of stimuli and responses (S-R connections) to the relationships between responses and their co
More Less

Related notes for BIOL 1010

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.